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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of infant medication exposure through breast-feeding during maternal treatment with paroxetine. METHOD Breast milk and paired maternal and infant sera were collected after 10 days of maternal treatment with paroxetine at a stable daily dose (10-50 mg/day). All samples were analyzed by means(More)
Hyperactivity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis is more common in elderly depression than in younger cohorts and glucocorticoids are known to influence serotonergic systems. The current study explores the interaction of glucocorticoids with aging on serotonin transporter expression and function. Continuous infusions of dexamethasone (26 days)(More)
To evaluate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we measured adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and cortisol responses following administration of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in 8 combat veterans with chronic PTSD. The PTSD patients had a significantly lower ACTH response to CRH(More)
OBJECTIVE Although lamotrigine use during pregnancy has substantially increased over the past decade secondary to accumulated reproductive safety data, systematic data on lamotrigine during breastfeeding remains sparse. We sought to characterize the determinants of lamotrigine concentrations in breast milk and nursing-infant plasma. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Quality control serum samples and postdexamethasone plasma pools were used to compare 16 commercial cortisol radioimmunoassay kits with the competitive protein-binding assay for plasma glucocorticoids that we used to standardize the dexamethasone suppression test (DST). Thirteen radioimmunoassays gave higher criterion values for the DST than those(More)
Activity of locus coeruleus (LC) neurons and release of the peptide galanin (GAL), which is colocalized with norepinephrine (NE) in LC neurons, has been implicated in depression and, conversely, in antidepressant action. The present study examined the influence of chronic administration (for 14days, via subcutaneously-implanted minipump) of antidepressant(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine the relative influence of genetic and environmental contributions to inflammatory biomarkers, and to what extent correlations among these markers are due to genetic or environmental factors. METHODS We performed univariate and multivariate genetic analyses of four inflammatory markers: interleukin-6(More)
To determine whether structural brain abnormalities in patients with depression are related to cortisol state, we examined the relationship between the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 40 inpatients with severe depression referred for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Prior to ECT, 27 (68%) of the patients(More)
That bronchial carcinoma is not an inevitable consequence of cigarette smoking has stimulated the search for host factors that might influence the susceptibility of the individual smoker. One plausible host factor would be a polymorphic gene controlling the metabolic oxidative activation of chemical carcinogens, giving rise to wide inter-subject variation(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the magnitude and course of alterations in total and free lamotrigine (LTG) clearance (Cl) during pregnancy and the postpartum period, to assess the impact of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) on seizure frequency, to determine the ratio to individual target LTG concentration that is associated with increased seizure risk, and to(More)