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BACKGROUND This report provides histopathological evidence to support prior neuroimaging findings of decreased volume and altered metabolism in the frontal cortex in major depressive disorder. METHODS Computer-assisted three-dimensional cell counting was used to reveal abnormal cytoarchitecture in left rostral and caudal orbitofrontal and dorsolateral(More)
Serotonin-5-HT1A receptors were measured with [3H]8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propyl)aminotetralin ([3H]8-OH-DPAT) in postmortem prefrontal cortex of 12 pairs of subjects with schizophrenia and age-matched control subjects. The saturation binding isotherms of [3H]8-OH-DPAT revealed high- and low-affinity binding sites. The density (Bmax) of the high-affinity sites(More)
RNA encoding the human serotonin 5-HT2C receptor (5-HT(2C)R) undergoes adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing events at five positions, resulting in an alteration of amino acids in the second intracellular loop. Several edited 5-HT(2C)Rs possess a reduced G-protein coupling efficiency compared to the completely non-edited isoform. The current studies show that(More)
Serotonin1A (5-HT1A) and serotonin2A (5-HT2A) receptors in the brain have been implicated in the pathophysiology of suicide. Brain samples were collected at autopsy from suicide victims with a current episode of major depression and matched comparison subjects who died of natural or accidental causes. Retrospective psychiatric assessments were collected(More)
BACKGROUND Recent postmortem studies in major depressive disorder (MDD) provide evidence for a reduction in the packing density and number of glial cells in different regions of the prefrontal cortex; however, the specific types of glia involved in those morphologic changes are unknown. METHODS The territory occupied by the astroglial marker glial(More)
A variety of studies have documented alterations in 5-HT1A receptor binding sites in the brain of subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD). The recently identified transcription factor, nuclear deformed epidermal autoregulatory factor (NUDR/Deaf-1) has been shown to function as a transcriptional modulator of the human 5-HT1A receptor gene. The present(More)
Disruptions of glutamatergic and noradrenergic signaling have been postulated to occur in depressive disorders. Glutamate provides excitatory input to the noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC). In this study, the location of immunoreactivity against neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), an intracellular mediator of glutamate receptor activation, was examined(More)
OBJECTIVE Many of the risk factors for major depression are not amenable to change. The present study was designed to identify factors associated with recovery from depression that could be targets for clinical intervention. METHOD Sixty-two psychiatric in-patients who met diagnostic criteria for major depression were interviewed while hospitalized and(More)
An abnormal expression of noradrenergic proteins (e.g., tyrosine hydroxylase, norepinephrine transporters) in the locus coeruleus has recently been demonstrated in subjects with major depression and/or victims of suicide. Monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) is a key enzyme in the catabolism of biogenic amines and is expressed in brain noradrenergic neurons. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE Self-esteem can play an important role in suicidal tendencies among adolescents. The present study was designed to examine the relationship between self-esteem deficits and suicidal tendencies in 254 adolescent psychiatric inpatients and 288 high school students. METHOD The direct relationship between self-esteem and suicidal tendencies was(More)