James C. Neil

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The RUNX genes have come to prominence recently because of their roles as essential regulators of cell fate in development and their paradoxical effects in cancer, in which they can function either as tumour-suppressor genes or dominant oncogenes according to context. How can this family of transcription factors have such an ambiguous role in cancer? How(More)
Molecular clones of the subgroup A feline leukemia virus FeLV-A/Glasgow-1 have been obtained. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 3' end of the proviral genome and comparison with the published sequence of FeLV-B/Gardner-Arnstein showed that the most extensive differences are located within the 5' domain of the env gene. Within this domain, several(More)
The runt related transcription factor CBFA1 (AML3/PEBP2alphaA/RUNX2) regulates expression of several bone- and cartilage-related genes and is required for bone formation in vivo. The gene regulatory mechanisms that control activation and repression of CBFA1 gene transcription during osteoblast differentiation and skeletal development are essential for(More)
Endogenous feline leukemia virus (FeLV)-related sequences (enFeLV) are a family of proviral elements found in domestic cats and their close relatives. These elements can recombine with exogenous, infectious FeLVs of subgroup A (FeLV-A), giving rise to host range variants of FeLV-B. We found that a subset of defective enFeLV proviruses is highly expressed in(More)
Independent studies in many laboratories have generated a series of aliases for a catalog of proteins and DNAbinding activities, which upon further study were found to be related to the Runt-domain class of transcription factors (Table 1). The designation acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) factors (i.e. AML1, AML2 and AML3) is based on genetic studies of(More)
The genetic basis of feline leukemia virus (FeLV)-induced lymphoma was investigated in a series of 63 lymphoid tumors and tumor cell lines of presumptive T-cell origin. These were examined for virus-induced rearrangements of the c-myc, flvi-2 (bmi-1), fit-1, and pim-1 loci, for T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements, and for the presence of env(More)
The DNA sequences of structural genes of several U.K. and European isolates of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were determined and compared with those of other worldwide isolates. Phylogenetic analyses of both gag and env sequences demonstrate that a Japanese isolate represents a distinct sequence subgroup, with corrected amino acid distances to the(More)
Members of the Runx and MYC families have been implicated as collaborating oncogenes. The mechanism of this potent collaboration is elucidated in this study of Runx2/MYC mice. As shown previously, ectopic expression of Runx2 in the thymus leads to a preneoplastic state defined by an accumulation of cells with an immature phenotype and a low proliferative(More)
The Runx2 (Cbfa1, Pebp2αA, Aml3) gene was previously identified as a frequent target for transcriptional activation by proviral insertion in T-cell lymphomas of CD2-MYC transgenic mice. We have recently shown that over-expression of the full-length, most highly expressed Runx2 isoform in the thymus perturbs T-cell development, leads to development of(More)