James C . Kulild

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The anatomy of the mesiobuccal (MB) root of 51 maxillary first and 32 maxillary second molars was studied. Initially, an attempt was made to locate all canals using a standard access and hand instruments. A bur was next used carefully to locate any additional second mesiobuccal (mesiolingual (ML)) canals. Finally, after crown removal, the teeth were reduced(More)
Seventy-five adult human mandibles were examined to determine the size, orientation, and position of the mental foramen. The average size of the foramen was found to be larger on the left side of the mandible and its usual direction of exit was in a posterior-superior direction. The most common location of the mental foramen was inferior to the crown of the(More)
Panoramic radiographs were made of 75 dry, adult human mandibles. The size and position of the mental foramen in relation to the second premolar was determined. The mental foramen on panographic radiographs was slightly larger than reported on periapical radiographs. The average position of the foramen was mesial and below the radiographic apex of the(More)
One hundred six human mandibular left and right first premolars, previously extracted due to nonrestorable caries, periodontal disease, or orthodontic reasons, were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis of the root starting at the cementoenamel junction. Three-millimeter sections were made with an ultrathin separating disc to the level of the anatomical(More)
Seventy-five adult human mandibles were radiographed with a paralleling technique to determine the ability to visualize the mental foramen as well as its size and position. The foramen was seen on 75% of the horizontal periapical radiographs examined. When the foramen was not visualized, is was usually below the inferior edge of the film. The radiographic(More)
This study compared the quality of obturation of high- and low-temperature thermoplasticized injectable gutta-percha techniques and standard lateral condensation. A new model system was developed to more closely simulate the clinical environment. All obturations were performed in this same model which allowed direct comparisons between the different(More)
There were 130 single roots randomly assigned to one of 12 experimental or two control groups. Forty specimens each were sealed with 1, 2, 3, or 4 mm of Cavit, ProRoot MTA, or Tetric. After creation of a uniform orifice diameter, the smear layer was removed and the canal systems obturated using warm lateral compaction of gutta-percha (GP). GP was removed to(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to examine variability of gutta-percha (GP) cone tip diameter (D(0)) and taper among five different brands of #30, 0.04 GP cones (n = 15/brand). Mean percent D(0) difference from the manufacturer's reported (nominal) diameter of Maillefer (-15.42 +/- 7.16%) and Lexicon (-12.76 +/- 4.98%) were significantly different (p(More)
INTRODUCTION The mental foramen (MF) is an important landmark to consider during surgical endodontic procedures. The purpose of this review article was to discuss the variety of techniques that have been developed to determine the location of the MF, to make recommendations for the current best technique available, and to discuss upcoming technologies. (More)
An in vitro dye leakage study was performed to evaluate the sealing ability of the following retrofilling materials: high- and low-temperature injectable thermoplasticized gutta-percha with and without sealer, a glass ionomer cement, and amalgam with and without varnish. The roots of 105 extracted human maxillary anterior teeth were instrumented and(More)