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The anatomy of the mesiobuccal (MB) root of 51 maxillary first and 32 maxillary second molars was studied. Initially, an attempt was made to locate all canals using a standard access and hand instruments. A bur was next used carefully to locate any additional second mesiobuccal (mesiolingual (ML)) canals. Finally, after crown removal, the teeth were reduced(More)
Seventy-five adult human mandibles were examined to determine the size, orientation, and position of the mental foramen. The average size of the foramen was found to be larger on the left side of the mandible and its usual direction of exit was in a posterior-superior direction. The most common location of the mental foramen was inferior to the crown of the(More)
This investigation examined the variability of tip diameter (D0) and taper measurements among four different brands of #30, 0.04 nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary files (n=15/brand). With all brands, the mean percent D0 difference from the manufacturer's reported (nominal) diameter (Profile GT, 1.73+/-2.03%; Endo Sequence, 3.38+/-3.91%; K3, 4.56+/-2.36%;(More)
This case report describes the endodontic and restorative treatment of two anterior permanent teeth with unusual external and internal anatomy due to lusion. A maxillary right central incisor had fused with a supernumerary and the maxillary left central incisor had fused with the left lateral incisor. The complexity of the root canal systems in each tooth(More)
Simulated straight root canals in 30 transparent acrylic blocks were instrumented and obturated with gutta-percha without sealer using standard lateral condensation (group A). The "zap and tap" method of warm lateral condensation was then used on the same 30 canals (group B). A second treatment of warm lateral condensation was then applied to these same(More)
This study sought to compare the accuracy of two gauges used to alter gutta-percha (GP) cone tips. Randomly selected size 20 cones (with tapers of 0.02, 0.06, 0.10, or 0.12) were trimmed to size 50 (N= 10/taper/gauge) for an overall sample of 80 cones. Accuracy of the altered cone tips was determined by calculating the difference (in %) between the altered(More)
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