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We have identified two genes, smedwi-1 and smedwi-2, expressed in the dividing adult stem cells (neoblasts) of the planarian Schmidtea mediterranea. Both genes encode proteins that belong to the Argonaute/PIWI protein family and that share highest homology with those proteins defined by Drosophila PIWI. RNA interference (RNAi) of smedwi-2 blocks(More)
Freshwater planarian flatworms possess uncanny regenerative capacities mediated by abundant and collectively totipotent adult stem cells. Key functions of these cells during regeneration and tissue homeostasis have been shown to depend on PIWI, a molecule required for Piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA) expression in planarians. Nevertheless, the full complement(More)
Measles virus infection can result in a variety of immunologic defects. We have begun studies to determine the basis for the lack of immune responsiveness to antigen and mitogen following infection. Here we present data showing that Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cell lines infected with measles virus produce a soluble factor that can inhibit(More)
In human allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, graft-vs-host disease and graft rejection can occur even if the patient and donor are genotypically matched by inheritance for HLA. By definition, these allogeneic reactions are due to disparities in minor histocompatibility Ags (minor HAs). Minor HAs are presented to T lymphocytes as peptides bound to HLA(More)
The graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) seen in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling bone marrow transplants is by definition due to the "minor" histocompatibility antigens (mHAs) encoded outside the HLA region of human chromosome 6. Few of these antigens have been characterized in humans, and in general the locations of the encoding loci are unknown.(More)
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