James C. H. Chu

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The nucletron Leipzig applicator is designed for (HDR) 192Ir brachy radiotherapy of surface lesions. The dosimetric characteristics of this applicator were investigated using simulation method based on Monte Carlo N-particle (MCNP) code and phantom measurements. The simulation method was validated by comparing calculated dose rate distributions of nucletron(More)
We evaluated 4 volume-based automatic image registration algorithms from 2 commercially available treatment planning systems (Philips Syntegra and BrainScan). The algorithms based on cross correlation (CC), local correlation (LC), normalized mutual information (NMI), and BrainScan mutual information (BSMI) were evaluated with: (1) the synthetic computed(More)
PURPOSE To compare the adequacy of target coverage, dose homogeneity, and volume of normal tissue irradiated in treatment of the intact breast in the supine and prone position. METHODS AND MATERIALS Fifteen patients with early breast cancer who presented for treatment to the intact breast after excisional biopsy were studied. A specially designed device(More)
PURPOSE Limited information has been reported on the dosimetry achieved with the MammoSite breast brachytherapy applicator. We present our results regarding the volume of treatment and a comparison of a single prescription point, single dwell position optimization technique with a six prescription point, multiple dwell position method. METHODS AND(More)
Phantom measurements and Monte Carlo calculations have been performed for the purpose of characterizing the dose perturbation caused by radiographic contrast inside the MammoSite breast brachytherapy applicator. Specifically, the dose perturbation is quantified as a heterogeneity correction factor (HCF) for various balloon radii and contrast concentration(More)
Skin toxicity is a ubiquitous side effect in radiotherapy and can be difficult to predict. Moist desquamation in cancer patients can decrease quality of life and occasionally demand unplanned treatment breaks thus worsening outcome. In breast cancer patients, moist desquamation occurs approximately one-third of the time, and while avenues such as(More)
BACKGROUND The cutting balloon (CB) is an emerging therapy for the treatment of instent restenosis (ISR), but its impact on the clinical outcomes of patients treated with intracoronary radiation therapy (IRT) with Sr-90 compared with conventional PTCA and IRT is not clearly defined. METHODS We compared the baseline demographics, angiographic(More)
We present our results regarding the cosmetic outcome achieved and the rate of infection using the MammoSite breast brachytherapy applicator to treat patients with partial breast irradiation. In addition, factors associated with cosmetic outcome and infection are analyzed. The study population consisted of 30 patients with early stage breast cancer treated(More)
PURPOSE Limited information is available comparing target volume and normal tissue dosimetry with the different techniques of partial breast irradiation (PBI). We present results of a dosimetric comparison of single catheter, balloon-based brachytherapy using the MammoSite catheter (BRT), 3D conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT), and intensity-modulated(More)
A hospital-based magnetic guidance system (MGS) was installed to assist a physician in navigating catheters and guide wires during interventional cardiac and neurosurgical procedures. The objective of this study is to examine the performance of this magnetic field-guided navigation system. Our results show that the system's radiological imaging components(More)