James C. H. Chu

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PURPOSE To compare the adequacy of target coverage, dose homogeneity, and volume of normal tissue irradiated in treatment of the intact breast in the supine and prone position. METHODS AND MATERIALS Fifteen patients with early breast cancer who presented for treatment to the intact breast after excisional biopsy were studied. A specially designed device(More)
The nucletron Leipzig applicator is designed for (HDR) 192Ir brachy radiotherapy of surface lesions. The dosimetric characteristics of this applicator were investigated using simulation method based on Monte Carlo N-particle (MCNP) code and phantom measurements. The simulation method was validated by comparing calculated dose rate distributions of nucletron(More)
We present our results regarding the cosmetic outcome achieved and the rate of infection using the MammoSite breast brachytherapy applicator to treat patients with partial breast irradiation. In addition, factors associated with cosmetic outcome and infection are analyzed. The study population consisted of 30 patients with early stage breast cancer treated(More)
We report on the use of the EGS4/BEAM Monte Carlo technique to predict the output factors for clinically relevant, irregularly shaped inserts as they intercept a linear accelerator's electron beams. The output factor for a particular combination--energy, cone, insert, and source-to-surface distance (SSD)--is defined in accordance with AAPM TG-25 as the(More)
PURPOSE Limited information has been reported on the dosimetry achieved with the MammoSite breast brachytherapy applicator. We present our results regarding the volume of treatment and a comparison of a single prescription point, single dwell position optimization technique with a six prescription point, multiple dwell position method. METHODS AND(More)
The purpose was to study the dosimetric characteristics of the small diameter (≤ 10.0 mm) BrainLAB cones used for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatments in conjunction with a Varian Trilogy accelerator. Required accuracy and precision in dose delivery during SRS can be achieved only when the geometric and dosimetric characteristics of the small(More)
PURPOSE Electron intraoperative cones (EIORCs) commonly used for intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) often generate high-dose regions at superficial depths. This study was performed to optimize the use of rings in the EIORC design that reduces the high-dose region while minimizing the loss of the treatment volume at the prescribed depth. METHODS AND(More)
PURPOSE We present a technique to optimize the dwell times and positions of a high-dose-rate (192)Ir source using the MammoSite breast brachytherapy applicator. The surface optimization method used multiple dwell positions and optimization points to conform the 100% isodose line to the surface of the planning target volume (PTV). METHODS AND MATERIALS The(More)
The MammoSite breast brachytherapy device was designed to overcome the potential scheduling problems associated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and the technical difficulties of multi-catheter-based interstitial brachytherapy. The device consists of a silicone balloon connected to a catheter which contains an inflation channel and a port for passage(More)
We evaluated 4 volume-based automatic image registration algorithms from 2 commercially available treatment planning systems (Philips Syntegra and BrainScan). The algorithms based on cross correlation (CC), local correlation (LC), normalized mutual information (NMI), and BrainScan mutual information (BSMI) were evaluated with: (1) the synthetic computed(More)