James C. Garrison

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Two-pore-domain K(+) channels provide neuronal background currents that establish resting membrane potential and input resistance; their modulation provides a prevalent mechanism for regulating cellular excitability. The so-called TASK channel subunits (TASK-1 and TASK-3) are widely expressed, and they are robustly inhibited by receptors that signal through(More)
The signaling specificity of five purified G protein betagamma dimers, beta(1)gamma(2), beta(2)gamma(2), beta(3)gamma(2), beta(4)gamma(2), and beta(5)gamma(2), was explored by reconstituting them with G(s) alpha and receptors or effectors in the adenylyl cyclase cascade. The ability of the five betagamma dimers to support receptor-alpha-betagamma(More)
Recent studies have reported that adenosine is a significant mediator of regulatory T cell (Treg) function. Indeed, activation of the adenosine receptor subtypes expressed by a broad range of immune and inflammatory cells attenuates inflammation in several disease models. This anti-inflammatory response is associated with an increase in intracellular cAMP(More)
Two-pore-domain K channels provide neuronal background currents that establish resting membrane potential and input resistance; their modulation provides a prevalent mechanism for regulating cellular excitability. The so-called TASK channel subunits (TASK-1 and TASK-3) are widely expressed, and they are robustly inhibited by receptors that signal through G(More)
Gbetagamma, a ubiquitous second messenger, relays external signals from G protein-coupled receptors to networks of intracellular effectors, including voltage-dependent calcium channels. Unlike high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels, the inhibition of low-voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels is subtype-dependent and mediated selectively by Gbeta(2)-containing(More)
The alpha subunits of the heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins Gi1, Gi2, Gi3, G0, and Gs have been overexpressed in Sf9 cells using a baculovirus expression system. The Gi1 alpha, Gi2 alpha, Gi3 alpha, and G0 alpha have been purified to homogeneity from infected Spodoptera frugiperda (SF9) cells and characterized. Yields of up to 1.8 mg of(More)
G protein coupled receptors activate signal transducing guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), which consist of an alpha subunit and a betagamma dimer. Whole cell studies have reported that receptors signal through specific betagamma subtypes. Membrane reconstitution studies with the adenosine A(1) and alpha(2A) adrenergic receptors have reached(More)
Neuronal G protein-coupled inwardly-rectifying potassium channels (GIRKs, Kir3.x) can be activated or inhibited by distinct classes of receptors (Galphai/o and Galphaq/11-coupled, respectively), providing dynamic regulation of neuronal excitability. In this mini-review, we highlight findings from our laboratory in which we used a mammalian heterologous(More)
Low-voltage-activated (LVA) T-type calcium channels have a wide tissue distribution and have well-documented roles in the control of action potential burst generation and hormone secretion. In neurons of the central nervous system and secretory cells of the adrenal and pituitary, LVA channels are inhibited by activation of G-protein-coupled receptors that(More)
The diversity in the heterotrimeric G protein alpha, beta, and gamma subunits may allow selective protein-protein interactions and provide specificity for signaling pathways. We examined the ability of five alpha subunits (alphai1, alphai2, alphao, alphas, and alphaq) to associate with three beta subunits (beta1, beta2, and beta5) dimerized to a gamma2(More)