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Twenty fresh frozen cadaver shoulders were dissected in order to study the rotator cable-crescent complex. The rotator crescent is a term that we have used to describe the thin, crescent-shaped sheet of rotator cuff comprising the distal portions of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus insertions. The crescent was found to be bounded on its proximal margin(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine biomechanical differences in cyclic elongation and ultimate strength between double-row rotator cuff repair and single-row repair for partial rotator cuff repairs. METHODS We randomly assigned 18 immature bovine specimens (aged 12 to 16 weeks) to 3 repair groups (6 per group). A 1 x 2-cm defect was(More)
We evaluated a virtual reality shoulder arthroscopy simulator using a standardized skills-assessment algorithm in 3 specific groups with various degrees of surgical expertise. The simulator (Mentice Corp, Gothenberg, Sweden) consists of a computer-based, dual-force feedback system with video monitor. Modeled structures include cartilage, labrum, ligaments,(More)
The primary purpose of this investigation was to compare tissue fixation security by simple sutures versus mattress sutures in transosseous rotator cuff repair. These two repair techniques were each performed in 17 human cadaver shoulders, with two bone tunnels being used for the repair by two simple sutures and two other bone tunnels being used for the(More)
We evaluated the results of arthroscopic subacromial decompression according to the degree of rotator cuff tear in 71 patients, available for follow-up for at least 1 year (average 19 months). Of the patients with stage II disease, 82% were satisfied regardless of whether they had no rotator cuff tear (nine of 11) or had a partial tear (28 of 34) of the(More)
AIM In paediatric dentistry, epinephrine may contribute to systemic and local side-effects. On the other hand it is necessary to provide good and safe local analgesia. Therefore, an articaine solution with reduced epinephrine concentration was tested in a clinical setting. METHODS In a non-interventional clinical study, dental treatment was performed in(More)
PURPOSE Nonablative thermal capsular shrinkage has been developed in an attempt to address the plastic capsule deformation thought to cause increased rates of recurrent instability following arthroscopic stabilization procedures. Although the temperature required to optimize collagen shrinkage is known, a safe depth of thermal penetration, in various(More)
Shoulder arthroscopic procedures have become common in today's orthopedic practice. The safety of shoulder arthroscopy though well established, is not without complications both minor and significant. The true incidence of complications is difficult to identify in the current literature. However, as with all procedures, complications associated with(More)
Cutaneous complications were studied in 120 patients who received azathioprine and prednisone for six months to ten years. Questionnaire, chart review, and physical examination were used to assess skin infections, rash, verrucae, herpes zoster, tumors, condylomata acuminata, hair loss, and color changes. One hundred patients with renal allografts were(More)
SUMMARY Advances in arthroscopic technology allow rotator cuff repair through a minimally invasive approach. However, fixation of the rotator cuff tendon to suture anchors can be tedious and time consuming. The supraclavicular fossa portal allows improved access to the tear for passing suture. The authors describe the relevant anatomy, positioning, and(More)