James C. Ehrhardt

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OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate the relation between intelligence and a variety of measures of brain structure. METHOD Magnetic resonance imaging scans were used to measure the volume of the intracranial cavity, cerebral hemispheres, lateral ventricles, temporal lobes, hippocampus, caudate, and cerebellum, as well as the overall volume of(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex illness characterized by multiple types of symptoms involving many aspects of cognition and emotion. Most efforts to identify its underlying neural substrates have focused on a strategy that relates a single symptom to a single brain region. An alternative hypothesis, that the variety of symptoms could be explained by a lesion in(More)
OBJECTIVE MRI offers many opportunities for noninvasive in vivo measurement of structure-function relationships in the human brain. Although automated methods are now available for whole-brain measurements, an efficient and valid automatic method for volume estimation of subregions such as the frontal or temporal lobes is still needed. MATERIALS AND(More)
Cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) is a cavity between the two leaflets of the septum pellucidum. CSP is a developmental anomaly, yet the pathologic implications, if any, of an abnormally large CSP remain unclear. The reported incidence of CSP among normal populations varies greatly from 0.15% to 85%. Several studies have suggested that there is a higher incidence(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the ability of an artificial neural network (ANN) to identify brain structures. This ANN was applied to postprocessed magnetic resonance (MR) images to segment various brain structures in both two- and three-dimensional applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS An ANN was designed that learned from experience to define the corpus callosum,(More)
To investigate CNS effects of frequent marijuana use, brain tissue volume and composition were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 18 current, frequent, young adult marijuana users and 13 comparable, non-using controls. Automated image analysis techniques were used to measure global and regional brain volumes, including, for most regions,(More)
In a second large series of schizophrenic patients studied with magnetic resonance imaging at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, earlier findings of decreased frontal, cerebral, and cranial size were not replicated. In this second series, control subjects were selected to be educationally equivalent to the schizophrenic patients, a modification in design(More)
Volumetric measurements of subcortical and temporal structures were done on a sample of 54 schizophrenic patients, who were compared with 48 bipolar patients and 47 normal controls. We observed the male schizophrenic patients to have significant enlargement in the putamen and lesser enlargement in the caudate. We found the right temporal lobe to be larger(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated sequential changes in tumor blood supply using magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging and assessed their significance in the prediction of outcome of patients with advanced cervical cancer. The purpose of this project was to devise a simple, noninvasive method to predict early signs of treatment failure in advanced(More)
Thirty-eight schizophrenics and 49 normal controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Midline sagittal cuts indicated that the schizophrenics had significantly smaller frontal lobes, as well as smaller cerebrums and craniums. The findings are consistent with some type of early developmental abnormality that might retard brain growth and therefore skull(More)