James Brawer

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A wide range of experimental manipulations results in an anovulatory polycystic ovarian (PCO) condition in the rat. Although PCO has been studied in a number of these models, research has centered on the condition after it is well established rather than as it develops. Consequently, it is still not clear exactly what follicular cysts are or how and why(More)
Young adult cyclic female rats were each injected with 2 mg estradiol valerate (EV) in sesame oil. Controls received an equivalent volume of sesame oil. Within 2 months after injection, most of the EV-treated animals showed persistent vaginal estrus and small polyfollicular ovaries as well as pathological changes in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. This(More)
Rapid Golgi impregnations of the ascending branches of the auditory nerve fibers and of the types of neurons in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) were studied. Entire ascending branches could be observed, some of these branches project to each subdivision, others do not. There are two main typesof large neurons: the bushy and stellate cells.(More)
Large subcutaneous doses (2 mg/21 days) of estradiol valerate (EV) given over several months will induce a prolactin and growth hormone-secreting pituitary tumor in female rats. The medial basal hypothalami (MBHs) of such EV-treated animals were examined at different time intervals with light and electron microscopes to determine whether EV affects the MBH(More)
Little is currently known concerning the cellular substrates for, and the mechanisms mediating the pathological deposition of, redox-active brain iron in Parkinson's disease. In various subcortical brain regions, populations of astroglia progressively accumulate peroxidase-positive cytoplasmic inclusions derived from effete, iron-laden mitochondria. In the(More)
A chronic anovulatory polycystic ovarian (PCO) condition can be induced in rats with estradiol valerate (EV). We have previously shown that the early stages (8-10 wk after EV treatment) of the condition are characterized by low basal plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol concentrations, as well as poor LH responsiveness to LH-releasing hormone(More)