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Rapid Golgi impregnations of the ascending branches of the auditory nerve fibers and of the types of neurons in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) were studied. Entire ascending branches could be observed, some of these branches project to each subdivision, others do not. There are two main typesof large neurons: the bushy and stellate cells.(More)
Little is currently known concerning the cellular substrates for, and the mechanisms mediating the pathological deposition of, redox-active brain iron in Parkinson's disease. In various subcortical brain regions, populations of astroglia progressively accumulate peroxidase-positive cytoplasmic inclusions derived from effete, iron-laden mitochondria. In the(More)
The concept of estrogen-induced "sexual differentiation of the brain" has been a useful focus for investigation. However, it has become clear that the action of estrogen on the rat brain is lifelong, including effects on neurogenesis in the fetus, synaptogenesis in the newborn, and synaptic remodeling in the adult. Estrogen imparts sex differences in the(More)
Specific binding sites for blood-borne insulin were determined to be selectively localized on axons and axon terminals in the external median eminence and the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus by means of quantitative fine structural radioautography. This localization suggests that discrete populations of hypothalamic nerve terminals are potential targets for(More)
The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus in the male little brown bat Myotis lucifugus lucifugus was studied with the electron microscope. Animals were killed by intracardial perfusion at each season throughout the year so that the arcuate nucleus could be examined for seasonal variations in morphology. Striking seasonal changes in the fine structure of ependymal(More)
Immunohistochemistry was used to detect tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-containing neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus in male rats. Two weeks following castration, the number of TH-positive cells was significantly greater than in intact controls. The castration-responsive TH-positive cells were uniformly distributed throughout the mediolateral extent of(More)
Young adult cyclic female rats were each injected with 2 mg estradiol valerate (EV) in sesame oil. Controls received an equivalent volume of sesame oil. Within 2 months after injection, most of the EV-treated animals showed persistent vaginal estrus and small polyfollicular ovaries as well as pathological changes in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. This(More)
Over the course of normal aging, all female mammals with regular cycles display an irreversible arrest of cyclicity at mid-life. Males, in contrast, exhibit gametogenesis until death. Although it is widely accepted that exposure to estradiol throughout life contributes to reproductive aging, a unified hypothesis of the role of estradiol in reproductive(More)