James Brad Chambers

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Leptin regulates energy balance and glucose homeostasis, at least in part, via activation of receptors in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus located in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons. Females have greater sensitivity to central leptin than males, suggested by a greater anorectic effect of central leptin administration in females. We hypothesized(More)
The current study sought to determine whether prenatal 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (MDMA) exposure from E14-20 in the rat resulted in behavioral sequelae in adult offspring. Prenatal MDMA exposure results in increased dopaminergic fiber density in the prefrontal cortex, striatum and nucleus accumbens of young rats. Since these areas are critical in(More)
CCK acts peripherally as a satiating peptide released during meals in response to lipid feeding and centrally functions in the modulation of feeding, exploratory, and memory activities. The present study determined metabolic parameters, food intake, anxiety-like behaviors, and cognitive function in mice lacking the CCK gene. We studied intestinal fat(More)
Several lines of evidence support a role for reduced melanocortin signaling in the regulation of metabolic rate and cardiovascular function during negative energy balance. We tested the hypothesis that agouti yellow (B6.Cg-A(y)) mice would exhibit blunted physiologic responses to fasting and thermoneutrality. Male B6.Cg-A(y) mice (A(y); n=11, 34+/-2 g) and(More)
(2013), Inhibition of monoamine oxidase A and stimulation of behavioural activities in mice by the inactive prodrug form of the anti-influenza agent oseltamivir, British Journal of Pharmacology, 2013. (2012) Alterations in grooming activity and syntax in heterozygous SERT and BDNF knockout mice: The utility of behavior-recognition tools to characterize(More)
Seventeen (39%) of 44 patients with chest pain but without significant ST depression on treadmill exercise had their usual chest pain reproduced during or after 3 min of voluntary hyperventilation (VHV) at rest. These patients with hyperventilation positive tests had not only significantly more hyperventilation-related symptoms and respiratory complaints(More)
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