James Brad Chambers

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The second-largest cause of X-linked mental retardation is a deficiency in creatine transporter (CRT; encoded by SLC6A8), which leads to speech and language disorders with severe cognitive impairment. This syndrome, caused by the absence of creatine in the brain, is currently untreatable because CRT is required for creatine entry into brain cells. Here, we(More)
The role of liver in the peripheral conversion of thyroxine (T4) to triiodothyronine (T3) was studied in normal subjects and patients with alcoholic liver disease by measurement of thyrotrophin (TSH) and total and free T4 and T3 in randomand serial serum samples. Also, T4 to T3 conversion rates and T3 disposal rates were compared by noncompartmental(More)
Leptin regulates energy balance and glucose homeostasis, at least in part, via activation of receptors in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus located in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons. Females have greater sensitivity to central leptin than males, suggested by a greater anorectic effect of central leptin administration in females. We hypothesized(More)
Complete turnover studies of T4, T3, rT3, and 3,5,3',5-tetriodothyroacetic acid (TA4) were carried out in normal subjects given T4 (0.2 mg, by mouth daily) by the integration method. When compared to the five fed controls, the four fasting subjects showed a decrease of mean T3 disposal from 41 to 18 micrograms/day, an increase of mean rT3 disposal from 49(More)
The melanin-concentrating hormone-1 receptor (MCH1R) is a G-protein-coupled receptor expressed in the brain and peripheral tissues that regulates energy storage and body weight. Here, we focused on discovery of the mechanism and site of action for a small-molecule MCH1R antagonist, which yields weight loss in a mouse model of human obesity. MCH1R is(More)
The current study sought to determine whether prenatal 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (MDMA) exposure from E14-20 in the rat resulted in behavioral sequelae in adult offspring. Prenatal MDMA exposure results in increased dopaminergic fiber density in the prefrontal cortex, striatum and nucleus accumbens of young rats. Since these areas are critical in(More)
Eight normal subjects were administered tracer amounts of a (14)C-labeled thyroxine, L-[tyrosyl-(14)C] T(4), by multiple injections. Then serial blood samples were collected for isolation of the thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and tetraiodothyroacetic acid fractions by a combination of column and paper chromatographies. The chromatographic artifacts were(More)