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The Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) can enter cells efficiently when added exogenously in tissue culture. To assess if Tat can carry other molecules into cells, we chemically cross-linked Tat peptides (residues 1-72 or 37-72) to beta-galactosidase, horseradish peroxidase, RNase A, and domain III of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and(More)
Systemic administration of a recombinant adenovirus encoding the human interferon-beta gene (H5.110CMVhIFN-beta) results in transduction of hepatocytes and detectable circulating levels of IFN-beta protein. In preclinical studies in mice, we noticed a distinctly nonlinear dose response, with low levels of virus (1-3 x 10(10) viral particles) yielding barely(More)
Baculovirus vectors recently have been shown to be capable of efficient transduction of human hepatoma cells and primary hepatocytes in culture. This paper describes the generation of a novel recombinant baculovirus (VGZ3) in which the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G (VSV G) is present in the viral envelope. The gene encoding VSV G was inserted(More)
BACKGROUND The novel water soluble compound STA-1474 is metabolized to ganetespib (formerly STA-9090), a potent HSP90 inhibitor previously shown to kill canine tumor cell lines in vitro and inhibit tumor growth in the setting of murine xenografts. The purpose of the following study was to extend these observations and investigate the safety and efficacy of(More)
Targeted inhibition of the molecular chaperone Hsp90 results in the simultaneous blockade of multiple oncogenic signaling pathways and has, thus, emerged as an attractive strategy for the development of novel cancer therapeutics. Ganetespib (formerly known as STA-9090) is a unique resorcinolic triazolone inhibitor of Hsp90 that is currently in clinical(More)
PURPOSE We describe the anticancer activity of ganetespib, a novel non-geldanamycin heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitor, in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The activity of ganetespib was compared with that of the geldanamycin 17-AAG in biochemical assays, cell lines, and xenografts, and evaluated in an ERBB2 YVMA-driven(More)
There is accumulating evidence that dysregulated JAK signaling occurs in a wide variety of cancer types. In particular, mutations in JAK2 can result in the constitutive activation of STAT transcription factors and lead to oncogenic growth. JAK kinases are established Hsp90 client proteins and here we show that the novel small molecule Hsp90 inhibitor(More)
Cationic liposomes can mediate efficient delivery of DNA and DNA/protein complex to mammalian cells in vitro and in vivo. Cationic cholesterol derivatives mixed with phosphatidylethanolamine and sonicated to form small unilamellar vesicles can complex with DNA and mediate the entry into the cytosol from the endosome compartment. One of the liposome(More)
We have previously shown that the tat protein of HIV-1 can be used as a carrier to promote the intracellular delivery of heterologous proteins. Here we have tested if the tat-delivery technology can be used to direct MHC class I presentation of native protein, using ovalbumin (OVA) as a model system. We show that a tat-ovalbumin conjugate (tatOVA) can be(More)
Elesclomol (formerly STA-4783) is a novel small molecule undergoing clinical evaluation in a pivotal phase III melanoma trial (SYMMETRY). In a phase II randomized, double-blinded, controlled, multi-center trial in 81 patients with stage IV metastatic melanoma, treatment with elesclomol plus paclitaxel showed a statistically significant doubling of(More)