James Barsoum

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The Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) can enter cells efficiently when added exogenously in tissue culture. To assess if Tat can carry other molecules into cells, we chemically cross-linked Tat peptides (residues 1-72 or 37-72) to beta-galactosidase, horseradish peroxidase, RNase A, and domain III of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and(More)
Elesclomol (formerly STA-4783) is a novel small molecule undergoing clinical evaluation in a pivotal phase III melanoma trial (SYMMETRY). In a phase II randomized, double-blinded, controlled, multi-center trial in 81 patients with stage IV metastatic melanoma, treatment with elesclomol plus paclitaxel showed a statistically significant doubling of(More)
Baculovirus vectors recently have been shown to be capable of efficient transduction of human hepatoma cells and primary hepatocytes in culture. This paper describes the generation of a novel recombinant baculovirus (VGZ3) in which the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G (VSV G) is present in the viral envelope. The gene encoding VSV G was inserted(More)
Systemic administration of a recombinant adenovirus encoding the human interferon-beta gene (H5.110CMVhIFN-beta) results in transduction of hepatocytes and detectable circulating levels of IFN-beta protein. In preclinical studies in mice, we noticed a distinctly nonlinear dose response, with low levels of virus (1-3 x 10(10) viral particles) yielding barely(More)
Targeted inhibition of the molecular chaperone Hsp90 results in the simultaneous blockade of multiple oncogenic signaling pathways and has, thus, emerged as an attractive strategy for the development of novel cancer therapeutics. Ganetespib (formerly known as STA-9090) is a unique resorcinolic triazolone inhibitor of Hsp90 that is currently in clinical(More)
  • Tzu-Yin Lin, Misty D. Bear, +4 authors Cheryl London
  • Experimental hematology
  • 2008
OBJECTIVE Mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase Kit occur in several human and canine cancers. While Kit inhibitors have activity in the clinical setting, they possess variable efficacy against particular forms of mutant Kit and drug resistance often develops over time. Inhibitors of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), a chaperone for which Kit is a client(More)
Direct intracerebral administration of sonic hedgehog (SHH) reduces 6-OHDA and MPTP toxicity to nigral dopaminergic cells in rats and primates. To determine whether transfection of the DNA sequence for SHH using viral vectors also protects against 6-OHDA toxicity, a type 2 adeno- associated virus (AAV) incorporating 600 base pairs of N-terminal SHH DNA was(More)
The interleukin-12 (IL-12) cytokine induces the differentiation of naive T cells to the T helper cell type 1 (Th1) phenotype and is integral to the pathogenesis of Th1-mediated immunologic disorders. A more recently discovered IL-12 family member, IL-23, shares the p40 protein subunit with IL-12 and plays a critical role in the generation of effector memory(More)
Elesclomol is an investigational drug that exerts potent anticancer activity through the elevation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and is currently under clinical evaluation as a novel anticancer therapeutic. Here we report the first description of selective mitochondrial ROS induction by elesclomol in cancer cells based on the unique(More)
Previously, we provided evidence that adenovirus-mediated interferon-beta (IFN-beta) gene therapy inhibits tumor formation and causes dramatic regression of established tumors in immunodeficient mice. We suggested that local IFN-beta gene therapy with adenoviral vectors could be an effective treatment for cancer. In this report, the actions of murine(More)