James Barsoum

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BACKGROUND The novel water soluble compound STA-1474 is metabolized to ganetespib (formerly STA-9090), a potent HSP90 inhibitor previously shown to kill canine tumor cell lines in vitro and inhibit tumor growth in the setting of murine xenografts. The purpose of the following study was to extend these observations and investigate the safety and efficacy of(More)
There is accumulating evidence that dysregulated JAK signaling occurs in a wide variety of cancer types. In particular, mutations in JAK2 can result in the constitutive activation of STAT transcription factors and lead to oncogenic growth. JAK kinases are established Hsp90 client proteins and here we show that the novel small molecule Hsp90 inhibitor(More)
Direct intracerebral administration of sonic hedgehog (SHH) reduces 6-OHDA and MPTP toxicity to nigral dopaminergic cells in rats and primates. To determine whether transfection of the DNA sequence for SHH using viral vectors also protects against 6-OHDA toxicity, a type 2 adeno- associated virus (AAV) incorporating 600 base pairs of N-terminal SHH DNA was(More)
Type I IFNs are known to inhibit tumor cell growth and stimulate the immune system. However, little is known of the mechanism of type I IFN-induced apoptosis in human cancer cells. In this study, we have IFN-␤ treatment of a human colorectal cell line (KM12L4) and a resistant clone of this cell line, L4RIFN. We demonstrate the induction of apoptosis in the(More)
Psoriasis is characterized by hyperplasia of the epidermis and infiltration of leukocytes into both the dermis and epidermis. IL-23, a key cytokine that induces T(H)17 cells, has been found to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Apilimod is a small-molecule compound that selectively suppresses synthesis of IL-12 and IL-23. An open-label(More)
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