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The Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) can enter cells efficiently when added exogenously in tissue culture. To assess if Tat can carry other molecules into cells, we chemically cross-linked Tat peptides (residues 1-72 or 37-72) to beta-galactosidase, horseradish peroxidase, RNase A, and domain III of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase Kit occur in several human and canine cancers. While Kit inhibitors have activity in the clinical setting, they possess variable efficacy against particular forms of mutant Kit and drug resistance often develops over time. Inhibitors of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), a chaperone for which Kit is a client(More)
Systemic administration of a recombinant adenovirus encoding the human interferon-beta gene (H5.110CMVhIFN-beta) results in transduction of hepatocytes and detectable circulating levels of IFN-beta protein. In preclinical studies in mice, we noticed a distinctly nonlinear dose response, with low levels of virus (1-3 x 10(10) viral particles) yielding barely(More)
Baculovirus vectors recently have been shown to be capable of efficient transduction of human hepatoma cells and primary hepatocytes in culture. This paper describes the generation of a novel recombinant baculovirus (VGZ3) in which the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G (VSV G) is present in the viral envelope. The gene encoding VSV G was inserted(More)
BACKGROUND The novel water soluble compound STA-1474 is metabolized to ganetespib (formerly STA-9090), a potent HSP90 inhibitor previously shown to kill canine tumor cell lines in vitro and inhibit tumor growth in the setting of murine xenografts. The purpose of the following study was to extend these observations and investigate the safety and efficacy of(More)
Vascular disrupting agents (VDAs) are an emerging class of therapeutics targeting the existing vascular network of solid tumors. However, their clinical progression has been hampered because of limited single-agent efficacy, primarily caused by the persistence of surviving cells at the well perfused "viable rim" of tumors, which allows rapid tumor regrowth(More)
Targeted inhibition of the molecular chaperone Hsp90 results in the simultaneous blockade of multiple oncogenic signaling pathways and has, thus, emerged as an attractive strategy for the development of novel cancer therapeutics. Ganetespib (formerly known as STA-9090) is a unique resorcinolic triazolone inhibitor of Hsp90 that is currently in clinical(More)
PURPOSE We describe the anticancer activity of ganetespib, a novel non-geldanamycin heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitor, in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The activity of ganetespib was compared with that of the geldanamycin 17-AAG in biochemical assays, cell lines, and xenografts, and evaluated in an ERBB2 YVMA-driven(More)
Cationic liposomes can mediate efficient delivery of DNA and DNA/protein complex to mammalian cells in vitro and in vivo. Cationic cholesterol derivatives mixed with phosphatidylethanolamine and sonicated to form small unilamellar vesicles can complex with DNA and mediate the entry into the cytosol from the endosome compartment. One of the liposome(More)
Elesclomol (formerly STA-4783) is a novel small molecule undergoing clinical evaluation in a pivotal phase III melanoma trial (SYMMETRY). In a phase II randomized, double-blinded, controlled, multi-center trial in 81 patients with stage IV metastatic melanoma, treatment with elesclomol plus paclitaxel showed a statistically significant doubling of(More)