James Bakalar

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Many preindustrial cultures traditionally use certain psychedelic plants to enhance a procedure that resembles psychotherapy--an idea that was also tested in Western psychiatry in the 1950s and 1960s. LSD and related drugs were used to facilitate the production of memories, fantasies and insights and to enhance the therapeutic alliance. The results were(More)
Childhood onset schizophrenia (COS) is a rare, severe form of schizophrenia for which definitive genetic causes remain elusive. In this study, we report a novel 4-nucleotide deletion in the UPF3B gene, predicted to create a truncated protein, transmitted from a healthy mother to two affected brothers: one with comorbid diagnoses of COS, pervasive(More)
The authors present case histories indicating that a number of patients find cannabis (marihuana) useful in the treatment of their bipolar disorder. Some used it to treat mania, depression, or both. They stated that it was more effective than conventional drugs, or helped relieve the side effects of those drugs. One woman found that cannabis curbed her(More)
Coca has been used in folk medicine in South America for thousands of years both as a general stimulant and for more specific medical purposes. It remains one of the most commonly used medicines in some areas of Bolivia and Peru. The medical use of coca and cocaine in the industrial world has a more dramatic and varied history. Coca extract and cocaine were(More)
For accurate cervical cytology an adequate sample of cells must be obtained from the squamocolumnar junction. In 100 patients conventional smears were compared with smears and membrane filter preparations made using a cytobrush. A satisfactory cell smear was obtained in 39% of patients using the conventional method and in 97% the cytobrush. When membrane(More)