To address the heterogeneous nature of adolescent major depression (MDD), we investigated anhedonia, a core symptom of MDD. We recently reported activation of the kynurenine pathway (KP), a central neuroimmunological pathway which metabolizes tryptophan (TRP) into kynurenine (KYN) en route to several neurotoxins, in a group of highly anhedonic MDD… (More)
The purposes of this study were to develop a semiautomated cardiac contour segmentation method for use with cine displacement-encoded MRI and evaluate its accuracy against manual segmentation. This segmentation model was designed with two distinct phases: preparation and evolution. During the model preparation phase, after manual image cropping and then… (More)
PURPOSE To develop a bilateral coil and fat suppressed T1-weighted sequence for 7 Tesla (T) breast MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS A dual-solenoid coil and three-dimensional (3D) T1w gradient echo sequence with B1+ insensitive fat suppression (FS) were developed. T1w FS image quality was characterized through image uniformity and fat-water contrast… (More)
The aim of the study was to compare the performance of Robust and Conventional neuropsychological norms in predicting clinical decline among healthy adults and in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The authors developed Robust baseline cross sectional and longitudinal change norms from 113 healthy participants retaining a normal diagnosis for at least 4… (More)
Visual working memory (VWM) plays an essential role in many perceptual and higher-order cognitive processes. Despite its reliance on a broad network of brain regions, VWM has a capacity limited to a few objects. This capacity varies substantially across individuals and relates closely to measures of overall cognitive function (Luck and Vogel, 2013). The… (More)
UNLABELLED Simultaneous PET/MR of the brain is a promising technology for characterizing patients with suspected cognitive impairment or epilepsy. Unlike CT, however, MR signal intensities do not correlate directly with PET photon attenuation correction (AC), and inaccurate radiotracer SUV estimation can limit future PET/MR clinical applications. We tested… (More)
We compared the performances of two different fat suppression T2-weighted fast spin echo sequences and demonstrated that T2-weighted CMR has high specifi-city but overall low sensitivity for detection of myocar-dial injury. More robust CMR techniques are needed for the detection of acute myocardial injury.