James B. Stanton

Learn More
Mutations in VMD2, encoding bestrophin (best-1), cause Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BMD), adult-onset vitelliform macular dystrophy (AVMD), and autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC). BMD is distinguished from AVMD by a diminished electrooculogram light peak (LP) in the absence of changes in the flash electroretinogram. Although the LP(More)
Elastic fibers provide tissues with elasticity which is critical to the function of arteries, lungs, skin, and other dynamic organs. Loss of elasticity is a major contributing factor in aging and diseases. However, the mechanism of elastic fiber development and assembly is poorly understood. Here, we show that lack of fibulin-4, an extracellular matrix(More)
Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BMD) is an autosomal dominant inherited macular degenerative disease caused by mutations in the gene BEST1 (formerly VMD2). Prior reports indicate that BMD is characterized histopathologically by accumulation of lipofuscin in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). However, this accumulation has not been quantified and the(More)
Bestrophin-1 (Best-1) is an integral membrane protein, defects in which cause Best vitelliform macular dystrophy. Best-1 is proposed to function as a Cl- channel and/or a regulator of Ca++ channels. A tetrameric (or pentameric) stoichiometry has been reported for recombinant best-1. Using a combination of gel exclusion chromatography and velocity(More)
Mutations in BEST1, encoding bestrophin-1 (Best1), cause Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD), a dominantly inherited macular degeneration characterized by a diminished electrooculogram light peak (LP), lipofuscin in retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE), and fluid- and debris-filled retinal detachments. To understand the pathogenesis of BVMD we(More)
Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Department of Physiology and Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, 655 N. Alvernon Way, Suite 108, Tucson, AZ 85711, USA, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA, Department of Cell Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, Research Service, Cleveland VA Medical Center,(More)
The natural aging process results in the physiological decline of multiple tissues and organ systems. Changes commonly occur with middle age and include decreased skeletal muscle mass, bone mineral density, cardiac output, and insulin sensitivity, and increased adiposity, all of which can contribute to the onset of sarcopenia, osteoporosis, heart failure,(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in BEST1, encoding Bestrophin-1 (Best1), cause Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) and other inherited retinal degenerative diseases. Best1 is an integral membrane protein localized to the basolateral plasma membrane of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Data from numerous in vitro and in vivo models have demonstrated that Best1(More)
Bestrophin is a 68-kDa basolateral plasma membrane protein expressed in retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE). It is encoded by the VMD2 gene, which is mutated in Best macular dystrophy, a disease characterized by a depressed light peak in the electrooculogram. Recently it was proposed that bestrophin is a chloride channel responsible for generating the(More)
Mutations in bestrophin-1 (Best1) cause Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD), a dominantly inherited retinal degenerative disease. Best1 is a homo-oligomeric anion channel localized to the basolateral surface of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. A number of Best1 mutants mislocalize in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. However, many(More)