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BACKGROUND Children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who have a slow response to initial chemotherapy (more than 25 percent blasts in the bone marrow on day 7) have a poor outcome despite intensive therapy. We conducted a randomized trial in which such patients were treated with either an augmented intensive regimen of post-induction(More)
Leukemic cells from a significant number of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) express protein antigens characteristic of both lymphoid and myeloid cells, yet the clinical significance of this immunophenotype has remained controversial. In the current study, we have determined relationships between myeloid antigen expression and treatment(More)
The Children's Cancer Group enrolled 13 298 young people age <21 years on 1 of 16 protocols between 1983 and 2002. Outcomes were examined in three time periods, 1983-1988, 1989-1995, 1996-2002. Over the three intervals, 10-year event-free survival (EFS) for Rome/National Cancer Institute standard risk (SR) and higher risk (HR) B-precursor patients was 68(More)
Cancer is a significant health problem in the adolescent and young adult population. Confusion exists within the field of pediatric oncology with respect to the definition of childhood cancer, since most population-based incidence studies define childhood cancer on the basis of age alone. We recommend that the scope of pediatric oncology include the study(More)
Ikaros, a zinc finger-containing DNA-binding protein, is required for normal lymphocyte development. Germ-line mutant mice that express only non-DNA binding dominant-negative "leukemogenic" Ikaros isoforms lacking critical NH2-terminal zinc fingers develop an aggressive form of T-cell leukemia. We studied Ikaros gene expression in leukemic cells from 18(More)
Leukemic cells from bone marrow (BM) of 17 infants and 127 children with newly diagnosed ALL, as well as fetal liver and BM and normal infant BM samples, were analyzed for presence of a t(4;11) translocation using standard cytogenetic techniques and expression of an MLL-AF4 fusion transcript using standard reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(More)
One-hundred thirty-nine patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and hypodiploidy (fewer than 45 chromosomes) were collected from 10 different national ALL study groups and single institutions. Patients were stratified by modal chromosome number into 4 groups: 24 to 29 (N = 46); 33 to 39 (N = 26); 40 to 43 (N = 13); and 44 (N = 54) chromosomes. Nine(More)
Minimal residual disease (MRD) is highly prognostic in pediatric B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). In Children's Oncology Group high-risk B-ALL study AALL0232, we investigated MRD in subjects randomized in a 2 × 2 factorial design to receive either high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) or Capizzi methotrexate (C-MTX) during interim maintenance(More)
PURPOSE A randomized trial designed to compare mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (MOPP)/doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and daccarbazine (ABVD) (regimen A) with ABVD plus low-dose regional (extended-field) radiation therapy (EF RT) (regimen B) for the treatment of children and adolescents with stages III and IV Hodgkin's(More)