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Blood-feeding arthropods secrete special salivary proteins that suppress the defensive reaction they induce in their hosts. This is in contrast to herbivores, which are thought to be helpless victims of plant defences elicited by their oral secretions. On the basis of the finding that caterpillar regurgitant can reduce the amount of toxic nicotine released(More)
A lectin isolated from the roots of the legume, Dolichos biflorus, binds to Nod factors produced by rhizobial strains that nodulate this plant and has a deduced amino acid sequence with no significant homology to any lectin reported to date. This lectin also is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphoanhydride bonds of nucleoside di- and(More)
Induced resistance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) foliage and squares to herbivory by Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is reported in this study. Induced resistance was indicated by decreased larval growth when larvae fed on previously damaged foliage or squares compared to the controls. Herbivory caused a significant decline in host nutritional(More)
Pre-inoculation of plants with a pathogen that induces necrosis leads to the development of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) to subsequent pathogen attack [1]. The phenylpropanoid-derived compound salicylic acid (SA) is necessary for the full expression of both local resistance and SAR [2] [3]. A separate signaling pathway involving jasmonic acid (JA) is(More)
Our previous study indicated that insect herbivory on cotton induced resistance to the cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa zea). Here we examine the role of salicylic acid as a signal in cotton for the induced resistance. Abundant evidence has accumulated showing that salicylic acid plays a key role in coordinating the expression of systemic acquired resistance(More)
Escherichia coli strains containing mutations (ssbA1 and lexC113) which affect single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid binding protein have been examined. Among the properties studied were: sensitivity to ultraviolet irradiation and methyl methane sulfonate, temperature sensitivity, induction of prophage lambda by ultraviolet light, temperature, and mitomycin(More)
Alcohol dehydrogenase, in Drosophila melanogaster homozygous for the alleles Adh(F) or Adh(S), is found in three electrophoretically different forms. Adh' differs from Adh(5) in that isozymes with faster electrophoretic mobilities are present. In Adh(F)/Adh(S) heterozygotes, hybrid isozymes as well as the parental isozymes are present, indicating that the(More)
The ssb-1 gene encoding a mutant single-stranded DNA binding protein (SSB-1) has been cloned into a vector placing its expression under lambda pL regulation. This construction results in more than 100-fold increased expression of the mutant protein following temperature induction. Tryptic peptide analysis of the mutant protein by high-pressure liquid(More)