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A controlled trial of iron dextran prophylaxis in infants 2 months old was carried out on the north coast of New Guinea, where malaria is holoendemic. These infants have a high carrier rate (80%) for alpha + thalassaemia. The neighbouring highland area has a low rate of both malaria and alpha + thalassaemia. The results of clinical and haematological(More)
Aflatoxin analysis of blood and urine by high performance liquid chromatography in 584 Sudanese children is reported. The results in 404 malnourished children comprising 141 kwashiorkor, 111 marasmic kwashiorkor and 152 with marasmus are compared with 180 age-matched controls and correlated with clinical findings. The aflatoxin detection rate and mean(More)
Fifty-three young children with acute diarrhoea were included in a hospital-based, double-blind trial of loperamide at two dose levels (0.4 and 0.8 mg/kg/day), given with standard oral rehydration therapy versus placebo plus oral rehydration therapy. The differences in the overall recovery rate were significant (P less than 0.05), the fastest being in the(More)
The increasing development of novel targeted therapies for treating solid tumors has necessitated the development of technology to determine their efficacy in preclinical animal models. One such technology that can non-invasively quantify early changes in tumor cellularity as a result of an efficacious therapy is diffusion MRI. In this overview we present(More)
A placebo-controlled trial of intramuscular iron dextran prophylaxis for two-month-old infants was carried out on the north coast of Papua New Guinea where there is high transmission of malaria. The results indicate that the placebo group became relatively iron deficient whereas the iron dextran group had adequate iron stores and, in the absence of malaria,(More)
A controlled trial of iron prophylaxis (3 ml intramuscular iron dextran) to two-month-old infants was carried out on the north coast of Papua New Guinea where there is high transmission of malaria. The initial hypothesis was that iron deficiency increased susceptibility to infections and thus iron supplementation in a situation of actual or potential iron(More)
Madang district was selected for a longitudinal study of the effects of iron prophylaxis on infectious morbidity in infancy and the topography, climate, domicile, ethnology, demography, disease patterns, nutrition and health services of the district are described. The area has a tropical, humid climate and a mixed economy. Pneumonia was the main killing(More)
The protocol for a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial of iron prophylaxis in infants is described. Specific design points discussed include (i) control and "blind", (ii) dose, preparation and age of administration of iron, (iii) standardization of morbidity recording, (iv) data analysis and (v) ethics. The study cohort at birth(More)
A study was made of 544 mothers and their 556 newborns in an area of endemic malaria, to analyse effects of total dose intravenous iron infusion (TDI) to mothers during pregnancy. 34% of these mothers received TDI before delivery. A range of haematological tests was carried out on newborns and mothers in addition to anthropometry. 84% of mothers had had(More)