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We have investigated how total body thermosensitivity in various mammalian and avian species (mouse, rat, golden hamster, guinea pig, rabbit, dog, goat, pigeon, duck, goose) is related to their respective local thermosensitivities in the hypothalamus, spinal cord and skin. Local and total thermosensitivities were determined by measuring the relationship(More)
Flap failure in free-tissue transfer relates strongly to technical failure of the anastomosis or to kinking as well as to external compression of the donor or recipient vessels. Intraoperative monitoring of flap perfusion has shown to prevent flap failure. This prospective, clinical study presents the results of intraoperative dynamic infrared thermography(More)
Within the past few years there has been a significant increase in the use of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs), for applications as varied as telecommunications and precision agriculture, forestry and flood-risk assessment. Additionally, one may expect that externally-supplied DEMs will be used increasingly for ortho-rectification of high-resolution(More)
Cold exposure in the nine-banded armadillo causes vigorous shivering and a rise in core temperature (Tc). The increase in metabolic rate and Tc depends upon exposure temperature, but may be as much as six times and 3 degrees C respectively (Johansen 1961). These findings might indicate an insensitivity to Tc, which is puzzling since internal temperature is(More)
The possible role of humoral factors in the control of shivering in the common eider duck (Somateria mollissima) was investigated using a cross-circulation technique. Pairs of animals were coupled so that the arterial system of one animal was connected to the venous system of the other. The rate of blood transferral was 12.8 ml min-1. By adequate(More)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for around 20% of all deaths worldwide (approximately 14 million) and are the principal cause of death in all developed countries, accounting for 50% of all deaths. Variations in the annual per capita death rates in different countries are well documented. Less well known are seasonal variations in death rates,(More)
Experiments were performed on conscious goats to confirm the suggestion that in this species the inner body contains more thermosensitive structures than those residing in the hypothalamus and spinal cord. For this purpose goats were chronically implanted with local thermodes and intravascular heat exchangers to allow independent temperature control of the(More)
Perfusion dynamics of 16 free DIEP flaps and 4 free SIEA flaps were studied during the first, third, and sixth postoperative day using dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT). For both flap types the zone positioned over the perforator is perfused first, followed by the adjacent ipsilateral zone, and finally the contralateral zones. Perfusion of the subdermal(More)
Throughout Europe, including Norway, increased winter mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is well described. However, while there are associations between high CVD mortality and cold climate, the reason for the excess deaths is not entirely known. Recent epidemiological evidence suggests that brief outdoor exposure to cold conditions may be linked(More)