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OBJECTIVE To find a predictive model for postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF). DESIGN A 3-year cohort study ending December 1992 (first year: retrospective; last 2 years: prospective). SETTING Denver General Hospital (Colo) is a regional level I trauma center. PATIENTS Consecutive trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 15,(More)
To better define the epidemiology of postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF), we prospectively evaluated 457 high-risk trauma patients who survived more than 48 hours. Overall, 70 (15%) developed MOF. In 27 (39%) patients, the occurrence was early, while in 43 (61%) patients the presentation was delayed. At presentation, early MOF had more cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE The expression of proinflammatory cytokines is rapidly increased in experimental models of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), in patients at risk for ARDS, and in patients with established ARDS. Because multiple cytokines are present in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, a common, proximal activation mechanism may operate in these(More)
BACKGROUND Bedside percutaneous tracheostomy (BPT) is a cost-effective alternative to open tracheostomy. Small series have consistently documented minimal morbidity, but BPT has yet to be embraced as the standard of care. Because this has been our preferred technique in the surgical ICU for more than 20 years, we reviewed our experience to ascertain its(More)
BACKGROUND Recent military experience suggests that immediate 1:1 fresh frozen plasma (FFP); red blood cells (RBC) for casualties requiring >10 units packed red blood cells (RBC) per 24 hours reduces mortality, but no clinical trials exist to address this issue. Consequently, we reviewed our massive transfusion practices during a 5-year period to test the(More)
BACKGROUND Human polymerized hemoglobin (PolyHeme) is a universally compatible, disease-free, oxygen-carrying resuscitative fluid. This is the first prospective, randomized trial to compare directly the therapeutic benefit of PolyHeme with that of allogeneic red blood cells (RBCs) in the treatment of acute blood loss. STUDY DESIGN Forty-four trauma(More)
BACKGROUND Despite routine prophylaxis, thromboembolic events (TEs) in surgical patients remain a substantial problem. Furthermore, the timing and incidence of hypercoagulability, which predisposes to these events is unknown, with institutional screening programs serving primarily to establish a diagnosis after an event has occurred. Emerging evidence(More)
We have previously documented the safety of 1 unit (50 gram) of human polymerized hemoglobin (Poly SFH-P) in healthy volunteers. This report describes the first patient trial to assess the therapeutic benefit of Poly SFH-P in acute blood loss. Thirty-nine patients received 1 (n = 14), 2 (n = 2), 3 (n = 15), or 6 (n = 8) units of Poly SFH-P instead of red(More)
Untreated flow-dependent oxygen consumption (VO2) has recently been implicated as an unrecognized risk factor for multiple organ failure (MOF). We therefore prospectively studied 39 severely injured patients with known risk factors for multiple organ failure who were subjected to an established resuscitation protocol aimed at maximizing oxygen delivery (DO2(More)
OVERVIEW: The horseshoe kidney is more prone to blunt abdominal trauma because of its low position and the presence of the isthmus across the midline. This is a rare case of complete transection of a horseshoe kidney at the isthmus due to blunt abdominal trauma with two sites of active extravasation on initial CT imaging. This extravasation was successfully(More)