James B Haenel

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OBJECTIVE To find a predictive model for postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF). DESIGN A 3-year cohort study ending December 1992 (first year: retrospective; last 2 years: prospective). SETTING Denver General Hospital (Colo) is a regional level I trauma center. PATIENTS Consecutive trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 15,(More)
To better define the epidemiology of postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF), we prospectively evaluated 457 high-risk trauma patients who survived more than 48 hours. Overall, 70 (15%) developed MOF. In 27 (39%) patients, the occurrence was early, while in 43 (61%) patients the presentation was delayed. At presentation, early MOF had more cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE The expression of proinflammatory cytokines is rapidly increased in experimental models of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), in patients at risk for ARDS, and in patients with established ARDS. Because multiple cytokines are present in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, a common, proximal activation mechanism may operate in these(More)
BACKGROUND Despite routine prophylaxis, thromboembolic events (TEs) in surgical patients remain a substantial problem. Furthermore, the timing and incidence of hypercoagulability, which predisposes to these events is unknown, with institutional screening programs serving primarily to establish a diagnosis after an event has occurred. Emerging evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Recent military experience suggests that immediate 1:1 fresh frozen plasma (FFP); red blood cells (RBC) for casualties requiring >10 units packed red blood cells (RBC) per 24 hours reduces mortality, but no clinical trials exist to address this issue. Consequently, we reviewed our massive transfusion practices during a 5-year period to test the(More)
BACKGROUND Bedside percutaneous tracheostomy (BPT) is a cost-effective alternative to open tracheostomy. Small series have consistently documented minimal morbidity, but BPT has yet to be embraced as the standard of care. Because this has been our preferred technique in the surgical ICU for more than 20 years, we reviewed our experience to ascertain its(More)
Untreated flow-dependent oxygen consumption (VO2) has recently been implicated as an unrecognized risk factor for multiple organ failure (MOF). We therefore prospectively studied 39 severely injured patients with known risk factors for multiple organ failure who were subjected to an established resuscitation protocol aimed at maximizing oxygen delivery (DO2(More)
Pulmonary contusion is the usual manifestation of lung parenchymal injury following blunt chest trauma. With rapid deceleration, however, parenchymal lacerations can result in cavities best termed post-traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst (PPP). This report discusses eight adult PPP cases encountered at the Denver General Hospital over the past 30 months. Five(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether early supply independent mitochondrial oxidative dysfunction occurs in trauma patients who develop multiple organ failure (MOF). DESIGN Prospective focused observational trial. METHODS High-risk patients were aggressively resuscitated while being continuously monitored by near infrared spectroscopy. Near infrared(More)
We prospectively investigated the diagnostic value of semiquantitative (semiQC) and quantitative (QC) cultures of endotracheal aspirate (ETA) compared with QC of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids in 18 mechanically ventilated trauma patients with clinical signs of pneumonia. The general agreement between QC of ETA and BAL was 89% when conventional cutoffs(More)