James B. Gillespie

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A series of experiments is reported to identify and characterize the inactivation process in operation when drinking water, heavily contaminated with a Kenyan isolate of Escherichia coli, is stored in transparent plastic bottles that are then exposed to sunlight. The roles of optical and thermal inactivation mechanisms are studied in detail by simulating(More)
We report the results of experiments designed to improve the efficacy of the solar disinfection of drinking water, inactivation process. The effects of periodic agitation, covering the rear surface of the container with aluminium foil, container volume and turbidity on the solar inactivation kinetics of Escherichia coli (starting population = 10(6) CFU(More)
A determination of the viability of an endospore detection technique using terbium dipicolinate photoluminescence in the presence of other chemical and biological materials was performed. The compounds and organisms examined, possible environmental constituents, covered three broad categories:  organic compounds, inorganic compounds, and biological(More)
A novel methodology has been developed for the investigation of bacterial spores. Specifically, this method has been used to probe the spore coat composition of two different Bacillus stearothermophilus variants. This technique may be useful in many applications; most notably, development of novel detection schemes toward potentially harmful bacteria. This(More)
Chitosan, a naturally occurring biopolymer, was used as a scaffold for the covalent binding of single-stranded DNA oligonucleotide probes in a fluorescence-based nucleic acid hybridization assay. Chitosan's pH dependent chemical and electrostatic properties enable its deposition on electrodes and metal surfaces, as well as on the bottom of microtiter(More)
Here we describe the detection of live Pseudomonas aeruginosa using a sensing film containing a fourth-generation hydroxy-terminated polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer (i.e., G4-OH) and SYTOX Green fluorescent nucleic acid stain. The films are configured on simple, disposable plastic coupons or optical fibers and are interrogated using a miniature fiber-optic(More)
An inverse, Monte Carlo (IMC) technique is developed to solve the electromagnetic inverse-scattering problem from generally complex distributions of dielectric particles. One can verify the technique using simulated scattering data from aerosols composed of spherical dielectrics. The IMC method is found to give accurate inversion results even when the data(More)
The feasibility of using a generalized stochastic inversion methodology to estimate aerosol size distributions accurately by use of spectral extinction, backscatter data, or both is examined. The stochastic method used, inverse Monte Carlo (IMC), is verified with both simulated and experimental data from aerosols composed of spherical dielectrics with a(More)