James B. Gibson

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Gonadal dysfunction, specifically hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, in female galactosemics is an almost universal finding. Minimal transferase activity may modulate ovarian function and the time of menopause. In contrast, male galactosemics have a relatively low risk of gonadal dysfunction. Animal models have variously suggested prenatal and postnatal(More)
Trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 are associated with serious and/or fatal birth defects, with death frequently occurring in the first month of life. Previous studies are limited by small samples and are dated. This study characterized the comorbid birth defects associated with trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 among US liveborn infants using the Healthcare Cost and(More)
Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is a powerful tool for the molecular elucidation and diagnosis of disorders resulting from genomic copy-number variation (CNV). However, intragenic deletions or duplications--those including genomic intervals of a size smaller than a gene--have remained beyond the detection limit of most clinical aCGH analyses.(More)
3-MCC deficiency is among the most common inborn errors of metabolism identified on expanded newborn screening (1:36,000 births). However, evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis and management of this disorder are lacking. Using the traditional Delphi method, a panel of 15 experts in inborn errors of metabolism was convened to develop consensus-based(More)
We employed [1-13C]galactose in isotope kinetic studies to delineate whole body galactose metabolism in vivo in patients with galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency. The data in three control and three adult galactosemic subjects, homozygous for the most common GALT gene defect, the Q188R mutation, and with absent RBC GALT activity,(More)
Proton MR spectra of the basal ganglia were obtained from 28 patients, 24 male and 14 female, median age 16.3 months (5 weeks to 31 years). They included 17 patients with normal MRI of the basal ganglia without metabolic disturbance (control group) and 11 patients with various metabolic diseases: one case each of high serum sodium and high serum osmolarity,(More)
Monozygotic twins with fumarate hydratase deficiency presenting with profound hypotonia and developmental delay are reported. This rare organic aciduria has been previously described in random case reports, although, to our knowledge, these are the first reported monozygotic twins and gene testing revealed a novel mutation in both. During their course, one(More)
Expanded newborn screening detects patients with modest elevations in citrulline; however it is currently unclear how to treat these patients and how to counsel their parents. In order to begin to address these issues, we compared the clinical, biochemical, and molecular features of 10 patients with mildly elevated citrulline levels. Three patients(More)
Degradation of proteins by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is an essential biological process in the development of eukaryotic organisms. Dysregulation of this mechanism leads to numerous human neurodegenerative or neurodevelopmental disorders. Through a multi-center collaboration, we identified six de novo genomic deletions and four de novo point(More)