James Anthony Davies

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NKG2D plays a major role in controlling immune responses through the regulation of natural killer (NK) cells, αβ and γδ T-cell function. This activating receptor recognizes eight distinct ligands (the MHC Class I polypeptide-related sequences (MIC) A andB, and UL16-binding proteins (ULBP)1-6) induced by cellular stress to promote recognition cells perturbed(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in clinical material cannot replicate efficiently in vitro until it has adapted by mutation. Consequently, wild-type HCMV differ fundamentally from the passaged strains used for research. To generate a genetically intact source of HCMV, we cloned strain Merlin into a self-excising BAC. The Merlin BAC clone had mutations in the(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL141 induces protection against natural killer cell-mediated cytolysis by downregulating cell surface expression of CD155 (nectin-like molecule 5; poliovirus receptor), a ligand for the activating receptor DNAM-1 (CD226). However, DNAM-1 is also recognized to bind a second ligand, CD112 (nectin-2). We now show that HCMV targets(More)
Adenoviruses (Ad) are commonly used both experimentally and clinically, including oncolytic virotherapy applications. In the clinical area, efficacy is frequently hampered by the high rates of neutralizing immunity, estimated as high as 90% in some populations that promote vector clearance and limit bioavailability for tumor targeting following systemic(More)
Oncolytic virotherapies based on adenovirus 5 (Ad5) hold promise as adjunctive cancer therapies; however, their efficacy when delivered systemically is hampered by poor target cell specificity and preexisting anti-Ad5 immunity. Ovarian cancer represents a promising target for virotherapy, since the virus can be delivered locally into the peritoneal cavity.(More)
BACKGROUND The plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) level (VWF:Ag) is known to correlate with the VWF Y/C1584 variation and with ABO blood group. The ratio of the VWF propeptide (VWFpp) to VWF:Ag and the ratio of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII:C) to VWF:Ag have previously been used as indicators of VWF clearance and/or secretion. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS To(More)
Blood group O and the cysteine allele of the Y/C1584 change in von Willebrand factor (VWF) are enriched in type 1 VWD, but neither causes disease. We investigated the effect of C1584, alone and in combination with the ABO blood group, on the level and properties of plasma VWF. A cohort of 5052 blood donors was recruited: 50 donors were heterozygous for(More)
The present review provides a clearer picture of the effect of C1584 on the level and properties of von Willebrand factor (VWF). The C1584 variant is associated with decreased VWF levels (especially in combination with blood group O) and VWF function, and with slightly enhanced VWF proteolysis, and there is evidence to support its association with enhanced(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is known to evade extrinsic pro-apoptotic pathways not only by downregulating cell surface expression of the death receptors TNFR1, TRAIL receptor 1 (TNFRSF10A) and TRAIL receptor 2 (TNFRSF10B), but also by impeding downstream signalling events. Fas (CD95/APO-1/TNFRSF6) also plays a prominent role in apoptotic clearance of(More)
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) US12 family consists of ten sequentially arranged genes (US12-21) with poorly characterized function. We now identify novel natural killer (NK) cell evasion functions for four members: US12, US14, US18 and US20. Using a systematic multiplexed proteomics approach to quantify ~1300 cell surface and ~7200 whole cell proteins,(More)