James A. Zwiebel

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A number of human cancer cell lines have been described as being invasive and metastatic in immune incompetent animals. However, it is difficult to assess metastatic spread of a subcutaneously injected or inoculated cell line, since an exact detection of all microfoci of human tumour cells in the animals by usual histological procedures would require(More)
MS-275 is a benzamide derivative with potent histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitory and antitumor activity in preclinical models. We conducted a phase 1 trial of orally administered MS-275 in 38 adults with advanced acute leukemias. Cohorts of patients were treated with MS-275 initially once weekly x 2, repeated every 4 weeks from 4 to 8 mg/m2, and after 13(More)
PURPOSE Vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, represents a rational therapeutic target in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with recurrent GBM who had received one or fewer chemotherapy regimens for progressive disease were eligible. Vorinostat was administered at a dose of 200 mg orally twice a day for 14 days, followed(More)
PURPOSES Pharmacologic downregulation of Bcl-2, an antiapoptotic protein overexpressed in cancer, might increase chemosensitivity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Herein, we investigated the feasibility of this approach in untreated elderly AML patients by administering oblimersen sodium (G3139), an 18-mer phosphorothioate antisense to Bcl-2, during(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective of this study was to determine the recommended phase II doses of the novel histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat when administered in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients (N = 28) with advanced solid malignancies were treated with vorinostat, administered orally once daily for 2 weeks(More)
In the search for novel cancer therapies that can be used in conjunction with existing treatments, one promising area of research is the use of viral vectors and whole viruses. This review describes the underlying biological principles and current status of the field, outlines approaches for improving clinical effectiveness and discusses the unique safety(More)
PURPOSE Advances in brain tumor biology indicate that transfer of p53 is an alternative therapy for human gliomas. Consequently, we undertook a phase I clinical trial of p53 gene therapy using an adenovirus vector (Ad-p53, INGN 201). MATERIALS AND METHODS To obtain molecular information regarding the transfer and distribution of exogenous p53 into gliomas(More)
Successful antiestrogen treatment in patients with tamoxifen-responsive breast tumors is often followed by an outgrowth of tumors cells that are antiestrogen resistant, implying that estrogen-dependent tumors can become estrogen-independent. In an effect to mimic this progression, we have transfected fibroblast growth factor 4 into MCF-7 cells, a human(More)
ONYX-015 is an oncolytic virus untested as a treatment for malignant glioma. The NABTT CNS Consortium conducted a dose-escalation trial of intracerebral injections of ONYX-015. Cohorts of six patients at each dose level received doses of vector from 10(7) plaque-forming units (pfu) to 10(10) pfu into a total of 10 sites within the resected glioma cavity.(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) promotes acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cell growth and survival and may contribute to drug resistance. bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, exhibits clinical activity against diverse malignancies when administered with cytotoxic chemotherapy. We conducted a Phase II clinical trial of bevacizumab(More)