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While angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a major role in the regulation of blood pressure, fluid homeostasis and neuroendocrine function, recent studies have also implicated the peptide hormone in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. In support of this, we have previously demonstrated that Ang II attenuates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor signaling(More)
A specific antiserum to neuron-specific enolase (NSE), an isoenzyme of the glycolytic enzyme enolase, has been used to immunocytochemically study the differentiation of dissociated embryonic brain cells grown in serum-supplemented or serum-free (defined) medium for 4-28 days. The number of positively stained neurons increased with time up to 21 days in(More)
A microstamping technique has been developed for high-resolution patterning of proteins on glass substrates for the localisation of neurons and their axons and dendrites. The patterning process uses a microfabricated polydimethylsiloxane stamp with micrometer length features to transfer multiple types of biomolecules to silane-derivatised substrates, using(More)
Excessive stimulation of the NMDA receptor by glutamate induces cell death and has been implicated in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases. While apoptosis plays a role in glutamate-mediated toxicity, the mechanisms underlying this process have yet to be completely determined. Recent evidence has shown that exposure to excitatory amino(More)
We previously demonstrated TNF toxicity, at high TNF doses or in the presence of actinomycin D, in the N1E-115 neuronal cell line (N1Es), which expresses only the 55 kDa TNF receptor (TNFR). To determine whether presence of the 75 kDa TNFR increases N1E sensitivity to TNF toxicity, cells were transfected with a 75 kDa TNFR expression construct. However, 75(More)
BACKGROUND Recent attention has focused on understanding the role of the brain-renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) in stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. Direct evidence of a role for the brain-RAS in Parkinson's disease (PD) comes from studies demonstrating the neuroprotective effect of RAS inhibitors in several neurotoxin based PD models. In this study, we(More)
Although binding sites for IL-1 have been identified in the mouse brain, it is still unknown whether these binding sites correspond to the type I or type II IL-1 receptor. Quantitative autoradiography was used to confirm the presence of specific binding sites for radiolabelled recombinant human IL-1 alpha (125I-HuIL-1 alpha) in the brain of DBA/2 mice. IL-1(More)
Differentiation of NG108-15 neuroblastoma cells following exposure to either 1.5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/0.5% fetal bovine serum (FBS) or serum starvation resulted in significant differences in angiotensin (AT) receptor levels and the AT1/AT2 receptor ratio. When NG108 cells were differentiated for 4 days with DMSO/low serum, the number of AT binding(More)
The effects of angiotensin on mouse cortical neuronal cultures exposed to chemical-induced hypoxia was investigated. Cultures exposed to 10 mM sodium azide for 5 min showed a 17% increase in apoptosis when assayed 24 h postinsult. The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 blocked sodium azide-induced cell death suggesting that the NMDA(More)