James A. Weyhenmeyer

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Excessive stimulation of the NMDA receptor by glutamate induces cell death and has been implicated in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases. While apoptosis plays a role in glutamate-mediated toxicity, the mechanisms underlying this process have yet to be completely determined. Recent evidence has shown that exposure to excitatory amino(More)
Although binding sites for IL-1 have been identified in the mouse brain, it is still unknown whether these binding sites correspond to the type I or type II IL-1 receptor. Quantitative autoradiography was used to confirm the presence of specific binding sites for radiolabelled recombinant human IL-1 alpha (125I-HuIL-1 alpha) in the brain of DBA/2 mice. IL-1(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is associated with developmental and injury-related events in the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, we have examined the role of TNF on neurons using the clonal murine neuroblastoma line, N1E-115 (N1E). N1E cells represent a well-defined model for studying neuronal development since they can be maintained(More)
The effects of angiotensin on mouse cortical neuronal cultures exposed to chemical-induced hypoxia was investigated. Cultures exposed to 10 mM sodium azide for 5 min showed a 17% increase in apoptosis when assayed 24 h postinsult. The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 blocked sodium azide-induced cell death suggesting that the NMDA(More)
Recent attention has focused on understanding the role of the brain-renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) in stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. Direct evidence of a role for the brain-RAS in Parkinson's disease (PD) comes from studies demonstrating the neuroprotective effect of RAS inhibitors in several neurotoxin based PD models. In this study, we show that(More)
Evidence for the brain renin-angiotensin system being involved in the hypertension of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) includes central administration of angiotensin II (AII) antagonists and converting enzyme inhibitors that lower blood pressure in SHR. Using the unlabeled antibody enzyme method, we have found a significant difference in the(More)
Levels of immunoreactive angiotensin II (ANG II) were measured in specific microdissected nuclei from the brains of newborn (NB; less than 1 week of age), 4-, 8-, and 12-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and their age-matched normotensive controls, Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, using a sensitive radioimmunoassay. The structures investigated included(More)
We have combined electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and spin trapping techniques to measure nitric oxide (NO) production by activated macrophages and neural cells in vitro. Macrophages stimulated by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), gamma interferon (IFN gamma), or both, produced NO. Differentiated and undifferentiated neural cells activated by KCl and(More)
Differentiation of NG108-15 neuroblastoma cells following exposure to either 1.5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/0.5% fetal bovine serum (FBS) or serum starvation resulted in significant differences in angiotensin (AT) receptor levels and the AT1/AT2 receptor ratio. When NG108 cells were differentiated for 4 days with DMSO/low serum, the number of AT binding(More)
While angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a major role in the regulation of blood pressure, fluid homeostasis and neuroendocrine function, recent studies have also implicated the peptide hormone in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. In support of this, we have previously demonstrated that Ang II attenuates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor signaling(More)