James A Weyhenmeyer

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BACKGROUND Recent attention has focused on understanding the role of the brain-renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) in stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. Direct evidence of a role for the brain-RAS in Parkinson's disease (PD) comes from studies demonstrating the neuroprotective effect of RAS inhibitors in several neurotoxin based PD models. In this study, we(More)
Although binding sites for IL-1 have been identified in the mouse brain, it is still unknown whether these binding sites correspond to the type I or type II IL-1 receptor. Quantitative autoradiography was used to confirm the presence of specific binding sites for radiolabelled recombinant human IL-1 alpha (125I-HuIL-1 alpha) in the brain of DBA/2 mice. IL-1(More)
The effects of angiotensin on mouse cortical neuronal cultures exposed to chemical-induced hypoxia was investigated. Cultures exposed to 10 mM sodium azide for 5 min showed a 17% increase in apoptosis when assayed 24 h postinsult. The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 blocked sodium azide-induced cell death suggesting that the NMDA(More)
Differentiation of NG108-15 neuroblastoma cells following exposure to either 1.5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/0.5% fetal bovine serum (FBS) or serum starvation resulted in significant differences in angiotensin (AT) receptor levels and the AT1/AT2 receptor ratio. When NG108 cells were differentiated for 4 days with DMSO/low serum, the number of AT binding(More)
Excessive stimulation of the NMDA receptor by glutamate induces cell death and has been implicated in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases. While apoptosis plays a role in glutamate-mediated toxicity, the mechanisms underlying this process have yet to be completely determined. Recent evidence has shown that exposure to excitatory amino(More)
While angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a major role in the regulation of blood pressure, fluid homeostasis and neuroendocrine function, recent studies have also implicated the peptide hormone in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. In support of this, we have previously demonstrated that Ang II attenuates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor signaling(More)
A microstamping technique has been developed for high-resolution patterning of proteins on glass substrates for the localisation of neurons and their axons and dendrites. The patterning process uses a microfabricated polydimethylsiloxane stamp with micrometer length features to transfer multiple types of biomolecules to silane-derivatised substrates, using(More)
Evidence for the brain renin-angiotensin system being involved in the hypertension of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) includes central administration of angiotensin II (AII) antagonists and converting enzyme inhibitors that lower blood pressure in SHR. Using the unlabeled antibody enzyme method, we have found a significant difference in the(More)
We have previously reported that angiotensin II (Ang II) protects cortical neurons from chemical-induced hypoxia through activation of the angiotensin type 2 (AT(2)) receptor. Here, we show in mouse primary neuronal cultures that the AT(2) receptor neuroprotection results from the activation of the delayed rectifier K(+) channel as well as the involvement(More)
Levels of immunoreactive angiotensin II (ANG II) were measured in specific microdissected nuclei from the brains of newborn (NB; less than 1 week of age), 4-, 8-, and 12-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and their age-matched normotensive controls, Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, using a sensitive radioimmunoassay. The structures investigated included(More)