James A. Tom

Learn More
Soft tissue allografts are an important substitute tissue for the reconstruction of deficient ligaments, torn menisci, and osteochondral defects during knee surgery. Interest in allografts for soft tissue reconstruction has arisen from the demand to obtain a stable knee with restoration of function and protection against additional injury. Use of allografts(More)
Surgical treatment for chondral defects of the knee in competitive running and jumping athletes remains controversial. This study evaluated the performance outcomes of professional basketball players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) who underwent microfracture. Data from 24 professional basketball players from 1997 to 2006 was obtained and(More)
Introduction. When using the double interval slide technique for arthroscopic repair of chronic large or massive rotator cuff tears, the posterior interval release is directed toward the scapular spine until the fat pad that protects the suprascapular nerve is reached. Injury to the suprascapular nerve can occur due to the nerve's proximity to the operative(More)
Knee joint effusion results in quadriceps inhibition and is accompanied by increased excitability in the soleus musculature. The purpose of this study was to determine if soleus arthrogenic muscle response is regulated by pre- or post-synaptic spinal mechanisms. Ten healthy adults (two females and eight males) were measured on two occasions. At the first(More)
Arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI) impedes rehabilitation following knee joint injury by preventing activation of the quadriceps. AMI has been attributed to neuronal reflex activity in which altered afferent input originating from the injured joint results in a diminished efferent motor drive to the quadriceps muscles. Beginning to understand the(More)
BACKGROUND Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers who return to competition after labral surgery show a decline in their pitching performance. DESIGN Retrospective cohort. SETTING Tertiary institution. PATIENTS MLB starting or relief pitchers with isolated glenoid labral injuries. INTERVENTIONS Open or arthroscopic surgical repair of isolated glenoid(More)
BACKGROUND Athletic pubalgia is a complex injury that results in loss of play in competitive athletes, especially hockey players. The number of reported sports hernias has been increasing, and the importance of their management is vital. There are no studies reporting whether athletes can return to play at preinjury levels. PURPOSE The focus of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate mechanism of injury, nonoperative protocols, surgical techniques, rehabilitation schedules, and return to sports guidelines for partial and complete triceps tendon injuries. DATA SOURCES The PubMed and OVID databases were searched in 2010 and peer-reviewed English language articles in 2011. MAIN RESULTS After a fall on an(More)
The purpose of this study is to describe the types of injuries and surgical treatments associated with open knee dislocations and to present the functional outcomes of these patients. Between 2001 and 2005, the medical records of patients that sustained traumatic open knee dislocations at our Level 1 Trauma Center were retrospectively reviewed. Initial(More)
The symptomatic degenerative meniscus continues to be a source of discomfort for a significant number of patients. With vascular penetration of less than one-third of the adult meniscus, healing potential in the setting of chronic degeneration remains low. Continued hoop and shear stresses upon the degenerative meniscus results in gross failure, often in(More)