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The purpose of the NCDS was to determine the probability of clinical failure (PF) as a function of the level of dialysis and protein catabolic rate (pcr, g/kg/day). The level of dialysis prescribed in the NCDS was mechanistically defined as Kt/V (product of dialyzer urea clearance and treatment time divided by body urea volume), which exponentially(More)
This report summarizes morbidity in 151 patients in a cooperative trial designed to evaluate the clinical effects of different dialysis prescriptions. Four treatment groups were divided along two dimensions: dialysis treatment time (long or short), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration averaged with respect to time (TACurea) (high or low). Dietary(More)
Daily measurements of nitrogen balance were made at two levels of protein intake in five patients undergoing chronic intermittent dialysis therapy. During ingestion of high (1.4 g/kg of body wt) protein intake, nitrogen balance was positive on nondialysis days and negative on dialysis days, so that cumulative balance for the week of study was not different(More)
Mass balance principles can be readily applied to the patient with chronic renal failure for the more structured management of his/her nutritional and clinical course. Urine values provide valuable information with respect to rates of protein catabolism and sodium intake; creatinine excretion rates provide a ready check on data accuracy and lean body mass;(More)
The concepts of mass balance are extended to the nutritional management of the patient with chronic renal failure on dialysis. The use of these concepts permits estimation of protein catabolism from calculated rates of urea generation, using measurement of blood urea levels. Protein catabolic rate will equal intake in the stable patient (zero nitrogen(More)
In acutely ill patients nitrogen balance is often assessed clinically from measurements of protein intake and urinary urea nitrogen. We have utilized urea kinetic modeling to measure urea generation rates, protein catabolic rates and nitrogen balance in 19 acutely ill patients with varying degrees of renal dysfunction and have studied the effect of varying(More)
A model to describe hydrogen ion balance (H+B) in acetate and bicarbonate dialysis therapy was developed based on measurement of metabolic addition of hydrogen ion (H+) to the body between and during dialyses and measurement of net buffer repletion during dialysis. Metabolic H+ generation was shown to be equal to 0.77 times the protein catabolic rate plus(More)