James A Reynoldson

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A polymerase chain reaction-based method for genotyping Giardia duodenalis isolates using a polymorphic region near the 5' end of the small subunit ribosomal (SSU) RNA gene is described. Analysis was performed using Giardia cysts purified directly from feces. Isolates were collected from humans and dogs living in isolated Aboriginal communities where(More)
The parasitological, clinical efficacy and tolerability of albendazole in the treatment for both giardiasis and hookworm infection in a remote Aboriginal population was investigated. Albendazole at a dose rate of 400 mg daily for 5 days was highly effective in reducing hookworm egg numbers and both Giardia antigen and cysts. The 36.6% prevalence of Giardia(More)
The competitive interactions of genetically distinct isolates of Giardia duodenalis with different growth rates were studied in vitro. Electrophoretic analysis of mixed cultures showed that competition between 2 cloned isolates occurs under normal in vitro culture conditions, with faster-growing isolates outcompeting those with slower growth rates. The(More)
Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale) and other enteric parasites such as Giardia and Hymenolepis are common in Aboriginal communities in northem Australia, and their presence is associated with iron deficiency, anaemia, and failure to thrive. We report the outcome of a sustained, community-based control programme that used regular albendazole in one isolated(More)
The binding kinetics of several benzimidazole compounds were determined with recombinant tubulin from benzimidazole-sensitive and -insensitive organisms. This study utilised the naturally occurring high efficacy of the benzimidazoles for the parasitic protozoa Giardia duodenalis and Encephalitozoon intestinalis, and low efficacy with Cryptosporidium parvum.(More)
The review summarizes the information related to contemporary taxonomy of species within the Giardia genus. The established genotypes of Giardia duodenalis are presented. Data from research carried out on the main aspects of epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of giardiasis in humans and animals are analyzed. The major(More)
A rodent model of malaria, Plasmodium berghei was used to assess the antimalarial potential of dinitroaniline herbicides. Trifluralin, pendimethalin, oryzalin, and benfluralin were all active against P. berghei in vitro at, or close to, submicromolar concentrations, with a rank order of potency similar to that against other protozoa. The dinitroanilines did(More)
The three closely related parasitic protozoa, Giardia duodenalis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Spironucleus muris, all have very different sensitivities to albendazole and metronidazole. Ultrastructural studies reveal that the cytoskeletal elements of the ventral disk in G. duodenalis are affected by albendazole, whereas the other two parasites, neither of(More)
A rapid semi-quantitative screening method was devised for assessing the anticryptosporidial and cytotoxic effects of putative chemotherapeutic compounds. The method is suitable as an initial rapid screening procedure from which compounds demonstrating anticryptosporidial activity can be identified for further analysis. It has the advantages of speed, low(More)