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The stimuli from a receptive female and/or copulation itself leads to the release of dopamine (DA) in at least three integrative hubs. The nigrostriatal system promotes somatomotor activity; the mesolimbic system subserves numerous types of motivation; and the medial preoptic area (MPOA) focuses the motivation onto specifically sexual targets, increases(More)
The relationship between size of cerebral ventricles in chronic schizophrenics and performance on a comprehensive neuropsychological battery, the Standardized Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery, was investigated. Ventricular size was determined by using a planimeter to measure the size of the lateral ventricles and the ventricular body, if present,(More)
We examined relationships between demographic and diagnostic variables and Benton Visual Retention Test performance in older adults aged 55 to 97 years. We derived extended geriatric norms for BVRT total number correct scores adjusted for variables that contributed significantly to the variance. We also investigated BVRT performance in two commonly(More)
Dopamine D1 and D2 receptors may synergize with or oppose each other's effects. We suggest that stimulation of D1 and D2 receptors in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of male rats have opposing effects on genital reflexes. In Experiment 1 a D1 agonist injected into the MPOA increased the number of ex copula erections but decreased the number of seminal(More)
Dopamine (DA) metabolites in microdialysates from the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of male rats increased during copulation. These increases were not observed during eating of a highly palatable food, or if the animal failed to copulate, or if the microdialysis probe was anterior or dorsal to the MPOA. The only two animals with measurable serotonin (5-HT)(More)
Microinjection of apomorphine into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of male rats was previously shown to delay the onset of copulation and slow its rate, presumably by stimulating impulse-regulating autoreceptors on cell bodies of the A10 mesocorticolimbic dopamine tract. Such stimulation would be expected to slow the firing rate of these neurons and,(More)
Characterizing a pattern of cognitive dysfunction in early onset schizophrenic patients may illuminate neurodevelopmental contributions to the illness. A cohort of chronically institutionalized schizophrenic patients with a variable range of age of onset (range 7-29 years) was administered a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests that included(More)
In two experiments, dopamine agonists and/or antagonists were injected into the medial preoptic area (MPOA) or the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) of male rats. The animals were then tested in an X-mase with four goal boxes, which contained a receptive female, a male, or were empty. In Experiment 1, the D1 antagonist SCH-23390 and the D2 antagonist raclopride in(More)
A comparison was carried out of the psychological effects of a moderate aerobic training programme (n = 24) and an attention-placebo strength and flexibility training programme (n = 23) in previously inactive anxious adults from the general population. Training consisted of one supervised and three unsupervised sessions per week for 10 weeks. Effects were(More)