James A. Menke

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BACKGROUND To determine whether a computerized clinical documentation system (CDS): 1) decreased time spent charting and increased time spent in patient care; 2) decreased medication errors; 3) improved clinical decision making; 4) improved quality of documentation; and/or 5) improved shift to shift nursing continuity. METHODS Before and after(More)
The pharmacokinetics of theophylline were examined in eight low-birth-weight infants (gestation: 26-32 weeks: birth-weight: 887-1,480 gm), who received the drug for treatment of primary apnea. The drug was assayed by high pressure liquid chromatography. The final dosage was 1 to 3 mg/kg/6 hour at 25 to 37 days of age. At the time, theophylline had a(More)
Dopamine is frequently used in critically ill newborn infants for treatment of shock and cardiac failure, but its pharmacokinetics has not been evaluated using a specific analytical method. Steady-state arterial plasma concentrations of dopamine were measured in 11 seriously ill infants receiving dopamine infusion, 5–20 μg · kg−1 · min−1, for presumed or(More)
We examined the clinical significance of noninvasive intracranial pressure measurements and pulsatility indices in 74 infants with confirmed IC-IVh. The intracranial pressure measurements were obtained using the applanation principle, and the pulsatility indices were calculated from the Doppler flow velocity tracings of the anterior cerebral artery.(More)
We describe the clinical application of DNA restriction fragment analysis to the genetic evaluation of a family with a child deficient in ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC). The results of protein loading studies and the interpretation of the DNA haplotype profiles for the human OTC gene are reported. DNA restriction fragment analysis may be a reliable(More)
This report compares six Doppler ultrasound measures of blood flow: Pourcelot's pulsatility index, Gosling's pulsatility index, area under the curve, systolic amplitude, diastolic amplitude, and mean amplitude. Recordings from an in vitro arterial model and from the anterior cerebral arteries in 33 newborn infants with asphyxia, intraventricular hemorrhage,(More)
Ten premature infants with respiratory distress developed a type of pulmonary lobar emphysema that is clinically and histologically distinct from interstitial or congenital lobar emphysema. In eight patients emphysema was noted in the right lower lobe, while in two the left upper lobe was affected. Five infants exhibited nonresolution of the emphysema and(More)
The clinical features of 27 patients with early onset group B beta hemolytic streptococcus sepsis were reviewed. Fifteen presented with a clinical pattern indistinguishable from the idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome and were compared with 15 patients with IRDS. Rupture of membranes for greater than 12 hours prior to delivery occurred more often in(More)
The objective of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of an extended interval aminoglycoside dosing guideline implemented in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A retrospective review of pharmacokinetic data on 44 patients led to the development of an extended interval aminoglycoside guideline utilizing a 5-mg/kg dose given at an interval(More)
A premature infant who developed Budd-Chiari syndrome as a complication of total parenteral nutrition through an inferior vena cava catheter is presented. A novel approach to the treatment of this otherwise lethal condition is described. This very unusual complication in pediatric patients may be seen with increased frequency as more premature infants are(More)