James A Litch

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BACKGROUND Thousand of tourists trek in the Himalayas every season and risk acute mountain sickness (AMS). Prior studies have shown that the rate of ascent is one of the primary risk factors for the development of AMS but the role of body hydration, age, gender, alcohol and medication usage, body weight, and altitude of residence continues to be in(More)
PURPOSE To assess the impact of direct-to-consumer marketing of genetic testing for risk of breast and ovarian cancer by a biotechnology company on: 1) physicians' knowledge; 2) reasons given when asking questions about the test; and 3) physicians' practice patterns in two pilot cities where the campaign took place and two control cities. METHODS Survey(More)
Cough and chest wall pain at high altitude have only received passing mention in the medical literature. Increased minute ventilation of cold dry air at very high altitude is likely to cause airway irritation. This in turn may result in airway drying, mucus production, postnasal drip from vasomotor rhinitis, and bronchospasm acting individually or in(More)
Oxygen concentrators are a relatively new technology for the delivery of supplemental oxygen. Readily available for domicile use in modern countries, these machines have proved reliable. The application of oxygen concentrators for the supply of medical oxygen in remote high-altitude settings has important cost-saving and supply implications. In our(More)
There is a clinical need for a safe and effective anesthetic technique in high altitude and remote areas. This report presents a series of 11 consecutive cases documenting the use of ketamine anesthesia in a remote hospital at an altitude of 3,900 m, by primary-care physicians without specialist training in anesthesia. The method of administration is fully(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of medical illness among members of trekking groups in the Nepal Himalaya. The design was a cohort study using interview and clinical examination by a single physician. The setting was the Manaslu area in the central Nepal Himalaya along a 22-day trekking route with elevations ranging from 487 m to 5100(More)