James A. Leonard

Learn More
Four cases of long thoracic mononeuropathy associated with sports participation are presented. Each patient developed shoulder pain or dysfunction after an acute event or vigorous activity, and demonstrated scapular winging consistent with serratus anterior weakness. The diagnosis was confirmed with electromyography in each case. It is suggested that the(More)
Unilateral posterior interosseous nerve palsy occurred in a woman after deep palpation by her dentist during treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome. Weakness of wrist and finger extension was noticed by the patient after the dentist used techniques of "applied kinesiology," including "pressure-point palpation." Electromyography confirmed the(More)
Contracting skeletal muscle produces sounds that are easily recorded with a standard microphone. The recording of these sounds is known as acoustic myography, or AMG. As a control signal for an externally powered prosthesis, some advantages of AMG over surface EMG are: there is no need for direct skin contact; the AMG signal is unaffected by changes in skin(More)
OBJECT The rate of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) remains 0.4%-4% despite improvements in perinatal care. Among affected children, the extent of brachial plexus palsy differs greatly, as does the prognosis. Controversial elements in management include indications and timing of nerve repair as well as type of reconstruction in patients in whom(More)
The neuropathic foot is a common complication of diabetes mellitus and is associated with development of chronic ulcers and Charcot joints. Treatment of these complications presents a complex management task. This report presents long-term follow-up data on 16 patients with neuropathic changes who were treated with a total contact, laminated, bivalved,(More)
This article was prepared by physiatry residency training directors to provide the answer(s) to common questions asked by medical students with respect to the specialty. These responses should aid the student and their advisors in considering Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation as their career choice.
For more than 3 decades, piezogenic pedal papules have been described in the literature. While many individuals with these papules are asymptomatic, patients with trauma or connective tissue diseases can experience pain. In our case study, we describe a unique, nonsurgical approach that abates the pain of painful piezogenic pedal papule (PPPP). Three(More)
This self-directed learning module highlights new advances in prosthetics. It is part of the chapter on prosthetics, orthotics, and assistive devices for the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program Study Guide for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This section contains information regarding conventional and myoelectric(More)
This self-directed learning module presents core information and new advances in the orthotic management of problems of the runner and of patients with neurovascular foot ulcers or arthritis. Additional topics covered include a comprehensive approach to positioning and splinting for burns and tone-reducing orthoses for spasticity management. It is part of(More)