James A. Knost

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PURPOSE Hot flashes represent a significant clinical problem for some breast cancer survivors. Safe, effective treatment is needed for this prominent clinical problem. Although it has been shown that estrogen or progesterone replacement therapy can alleviate this problem, there are continued safety concerns regarding the use of hormonal therapies in these(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether (1) tailored nicotine patch therapy that is based on smoking rate can be carried out in a multisite oncology investigative group practice setting, (2) long-term use of bupropion reduces the rate of relapse to smoking in smokers who stop smoking with nicotine patch therapy, and (3) bupropion can initiate smoking abstinence among(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine has broad activity in a variety of solid tumors including biliary tract carcinomas. The authors evaluated 6-month survival, response, and toxicity associated with a combination of gemcitabine, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and leucovorin (LV) in patients with unresectable or metastatic biliary tract or gallbladder adenocarcinoma (ACA). (More)
Vindesine, a new vinca alkaloid, was administered to 20 patients with advanced refractory breast cancer in a phase II trial. The drug was given at a dose of 3 mg/m2 by iv bolus each week for 6 consecutive weeks, and responding patients were maintained on a dose of 4 mg/m2 every 2 weeks. Nineteen patients were evaluable for disease response; partial(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the objective tumor response rate and toxicities of patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma treated with irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 121 patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma--90 with prior fluorouracil (5-FU) exposure and 31 chemotherapeutically naive patients--were enrolled between(More)
Nineteen patients with advanced refractory metastatic breast cancer no longer responsive to chemotherapy were treated in the first phase II efficacy trial of recombinant leukocyte A interferon (IFL-rA), a highly purified single molecular species of alpha interferon prepared by recombinant DNA methods. Patients received a previously determined maximum(More)
BACKGROUND Topoisomerase I inhibitors have demonstrated clinical activity in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma. The authors performed a Phase II study to evaluate the objective tumor response rate of 2 different doses and schedules of 9-aminocamptothecin (9-AC) in previously untreated patients with measurable recurrent metastatic colorectal(More)
INTRODUCTION Based on favorable preliminary clinical data and the need to identify effective, well-tolerated neoadjuvant regimens for patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer, this clinical trial was undertaken. METHODS This phase II study tested 500 mg/m neoadjuvant pemetrexed intravenously and carboplatin with an area under the curve of 6(More)
We conducted a randomized phase II trial of two different schedules of topotecan in patients with advanced-stage non small lung cancer (NSCLC) without prior cytotoxic chemotherapy. All patients had histologic or cytologic confirmation of stage IV (M1) or III-B NSCLC. Patients were stratified by performance status, stage and weight loss. Patients were(More)