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Knowledge, anxiety, and attitudes about the elderly were assessed in 113 university students using the Facts on Aging Quiz, the Anxiety about Aging Scale, and the Fraboni Scale on Ageism. No significant differences in knowledge or anxiety based on age or gender were found in the sample. Female participants in the sample were found to be significantly less(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare passive to active testing on the kinematics of the elbow and forearm using a load-controlled testing apparatus that simulates muscle loading. Ten fresh-frozen upper extremities were tested. Active control was achieved by employing computer-controlled pneumatic actuators attached to the tendons of the brachialis,(More)
Jones and Bartlett's books and products are available through most bookstores and online booksellers. To contact Jones and Bartlett Publishers directly, call 800-832-0034, fax 978-443-8000, or visit our website, www.jbpub.com. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the Subject Matter covered. It is sold(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if the repeatability and pattern of elbow kinematics are affected by changing the relative magnitudes of loads applied to muscles around the elbow in vitro. In eight cadaveric upper extremities, passive and three methods of simulated active elbow flexion were tested with the forearm maintained in both pronation and(More)
BACKGROUND Though screening and intervention for alcohol and tobacco misuse are effective, primary care screening and intervention rates remain low. Previous studies have increased intervention rates using vital signs screening for tobacco misuse and clinician prompts for screen-positive patients for both alcohol and tobacco misuse. This pilot study's aims(More)
This in vitro study evaluated the effects of four different muscle-loading ratios on active glenohumeral joint abduction. Eight cadaveric shoulders were tested using a shoulder simulator designed to reproduce unconstrained abduction of the humerus via computer-controlled pneumatic actuation. Forces were applied to cables that were sutured to tendons or(More)
Previous investigations have implemented screw displacement axes (SDAs) to define the elbow flexion axis for proper positioning of dynamic external fixators and endoprostheses. However, results across studies vary, which may be attributed to forearm position (pronation-supination) during elbow motion, or the mode of loading (active/passive) employed to(More)
There exists a lack of quantitative data in the literature related to the torque produced during axial forearm rotation and the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the muscles involved. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the relative EMG activity of four forearm muscles during resisted forearm rotation. A custom-built device capable of(More)
This study was conducted to determine the effect of in vitro passive and active loading on humeral head translation during glenohumeral abduction. A shoulder simulator produced unconstrained active abduction of the humerus in 8 specimens. Loading of the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus/teres minor, and anterior, middle, and posterior deltoid(More)
INTRODUCTION Little information exists on radial head implant diameter sizing methods. When the native head is absent due to extensive comminution or previous excision, the lesser sigmoid notch may be a useful landmark for sizing. We evaluated the reliability of native radial head measurements, and the lesser sigmoid notch, as landmarks for radial head(More)