James A. Johnson

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Effective utilization of an optical tracking system for image-based surgical guidance requires optimal placement of the dynamic reference frame (DRF) with respect to the tracking camera. Unlike other studies that measure the overall accuracy of a particular navigation system, this study investigates the precision of one component of the navigation(More)
INTRODUCTION Glenohumeral instability with glenoid bone loss is commonly treated with the Latarjet procedure. The procedure involves transfer of the coracoid and conjoint tendon, which is thought to provide a stabilizing sling effect; however, its significance is unknown. This study evaluated the effects of the Latarjet procedure, with and without conjoint(More)
PURPOSE Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) stability is dependent on osseous anatomy, soft-tissue stabilizers, and muscle activity. The relative importance of DRUJ soft-tissue stabilizers remains controversial and has not been examined in the more physiologic setting of simulated muscle loading in the intact specimen. The purpose of this study was to examine(More)
This in vitro study evaluated the effects of four different muscle-loading ratios on active glenohumeral joint abduction. Eight cadaveric shoulders were tested using a shoulder simulator designed to reproduce unconstrained abduction of the humerus via computer-controlled pneumatic actuation. Forces were applied to cables that were sutured to tendons or(More)
PURPOSE Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability can result in pain and functional disability. Numerous DRUJ reconstructive options have been described with minimal biomechanical analysis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of 4 well-described DRUJ reconstructions to restore joint kinematics using a dynamic, motion-controlled simulator.(More)
Patellar shift, tilt, and rotation were analyzed in 7 cadaveric knee specimens during simulated quadriceps loading, in the intact knee, and after implant reconstruction. Femoral component medialization, lateralization, and external rotation were also investigated. Relative motion of the patella with respect to the femur was measured using an electromagnetic(More)
Because of a lack of biomechanical studies of lateral elbow ligament reconstruction in the literature, the initial stability afforded by 3 different techniques of lateral ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction was evaluated in 8 cadaveric elbows. The arm was mounted in a testing apparatus, and passive flexion was performed with the arm in varus and valgus(More)
BACKGROUND Radial head fractures are common injuries. Comminuted radial head fractures often are treated with radial head excision with or without radial head arthroplasty. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of radial head excision and arthroplasty on the kinematics and stability of elbows with intact and disrupted ligaments. We(More)
Previous investigations have implemented screw displacement axes (SDAs) to define the elbow flexion axis for proper positioning of dynamic external fixators and endoprostheses. However, results across studies vary, which may be attributed to forearm position (pronation-supination) during elbow motion, or the mode of loading (active/passive) employed to(More)
The effective functional analysis of male gametophyte development requires new tools enabling the spatially and temporally controlled expression of both marker genes and modified genes of interest. In particular, promoters driving expression at earlier developmental stages including microspores are required. Transcriptomic datasets covering four progressive(More)