James A. Johnson

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OBJECTIVE Effective utilization of an optical tracking system for image-based surgical guidance requires optimal placement of the dynamic reference frame (DRF) with respect to the tracking camera. Unlike other studies that measure the overall accuracy of a particular navigation system, this study investigates the precision of one component of the navigation(More)
BACKGROUND Radial head fractures are common injuries. Comminuted radial head fractures often are treated with radial head excision with or without radial head arthroplasty. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of radial head excision and arthroplasty on the kinematics and stability of elbows with intact and disrupted ligaments. We(More)
This study determined the effect of radial head fracture size and ligament injury on elbow kinematics. Eight cadaveric upper extremities were studied in an in vitro elbow simulator. Testing was performed with ligaments intact, with the medial collateral (MCL) or lateral collateral (LCL) ligament detached, and with both the MCL and LCL detached. Thirty(More)
The effective functional analysis of male gametophyte development requires new tools enabling the spatially and temporally controlled expression of both marker genes and modified genes of interest. In particular, promoters driving expression at earlier developmental stages including microspores are required. Transcriptomic datasets covering four progressive(More)
PURPOSE Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) stability is dependent on osseous anatomy, soft-tissue stabilizers, and muscle activity. The relative importance of DRUJ soft-tissue stabilizers remains controversial and has not been examined in the more physiologic setting of simulated muscle loading in the intact specimen. The purpose of this study was to examine(More)
Because of a lack of biomechanical studies of lateral elbow ligament reconstruction in the literature, the initial stability afforded by 3 different techniques of lateral ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction was evaluated in 8 cadaveric elbows. The arm was mounted in a testing apparatus, and passive flexion was performed with the arm in varus and valgus(More)
OBJECTIVE This biomechanical study compares four different techniques of fixation of middle third clavicular fractures. METHODS Twenty fresh-frozen clavicles were randomized into four groups. Each group used a different fixation device (3.5 Synthes reconstruction plate, 3.5 Synthes limited contact dynamic compression plate, 3.5 Synthes locking compression(More)
Previous investigations have implemented screw displacement axes (SDAs) to define the elbow flexion axis for proper positioning of dynamic external fixators and endoprostheses. However, results across studies vary, which may be attributed to forearm position (pronation-supination) during elbow motion, or the mode of loading (active/passive) employed to(More)
INTRODUCTION Glenohumeral instability with glenoid bone loss is commonly treated with the Latarjet procedure. The procedure involves transfer of the coracoid and conjoint tendon, which is thought to provide a stabilizing sling effect; however, its significance is unknown. This study evaluated the effects of the Latarjet procedure, with and without conjoint(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent shoulder instability is commonly associated with Hill-Sachs defects. These defects may engage the glenoid rim, contributing to glenohumeral dislocation. Two treatment options to manage engaging Hill-Sachs defects are the remplissage procedure, which fills the defect with soft tissue, and the Latarjet procedure, which increases glenoid(More)