James A Harp

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Cryptosporidium parvum is a coccidian parasite that causes diarrheal disease in many vertebrate species, including young (less than or equal to 1 month old) calves. Older calves and adult cattle are resistant to infection. In this study, newborn calves were raised in isolation from C. parvum for 1 week to 3 months before experimental challenge with the(More)
The importance of CD4+ cells and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in the resolution of established Cryptosporidium parvum infection was investigated with a murine model of cryptosporidiosis in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. C. parvum-infected SCID mice were reconstituted with spleen cells from immunocompetent donors. The recipients were able to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether periparturient cows or contact surfaces to which newborn calves are exposed are reservoirs of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts. ANIMALS Periparturient cows and their calves. PROCEDURE Using direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) and acid-fast (AF) assays, fecal samples taken before and after calving from periparturient cows were(More)
Impaired immune function during the periparturient period contributes to the increased susceptibility of the cow to infectious disease around the time of calving. Changes in subpopulations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells during the immediate periparturient period can contribute to the observed immunosuppression in cows, but it is not known exactly(More)
The ruminant mammary gland is an extremely important economic organ in that it provides a major nutrition source for a significant portion of the world's human population. The ruminant mammary gland is also responsible for providing protective immunity to neonates and for defending itself from invading pathogens. A wide array of humoral and cellular immune(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum is a major cause of diarrheal disease in humans and has been identified in 78 other species of mammals. The oocyst stage, excreted in feces of infected humans and animals, has been responsible for recent waterborne outbreaks of human cryptosporidiosis. High temperature and long exposure time have been shown to render oocysts(More)
The cDNA clone encoding for the bovine peripheral lymph node homing receptor (L-selectin) was isolated and sequenced. The predicted amino acid sequence of bovine L-selectin showed an overall high identity with that of human and murine L-selectin. However, the cytoplasmic tail of bovine L-selectin showed little similarity to that of human and murine(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum is an intracellular protozoan parasite of the mammalian intestine. In rats, C. parvum infection is age related; infants are susceptible, whereas adults are resistant. The transition from susceptibility to resistance usually takes place around the age of weaning. In the present study, infant rats were orally inoculated with a(More)
 Immunization with recombinant adenoviral vaccine that induces potent immunity has been applied to many infectious diseases. We report here developing a recombinant adenoviral vaccine encoding the HA gene from swine H3N2 influenza virus (SIV). Two replication-defective recombinant adenoviruses were generated: (1) rAd-HA: recombinant adenovirus encoding the(More)