James A. Covington

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BACKGROUND The detection of airborne gas phase biomarkers that emanate from biological samples like urine, breath and faeces may herald a new age of non-invasive diagnostics. These biomarkers may reflect status in health and disease and can be detected by humans and other animals, to some extent, but far more consistently with instruments. The continued(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves the role of bacteria. These bacteria ferment nonstarch polysaccharides in the colon producing a fermentation profile that through altered gut permeability can be traced in urine. We proposed to track the resultant volatile organic compounds or gases that emanate from urine using(More)
Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in the USA and Europe with symptoms that mimick other far more common lower gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. This difficulty in separating colorectal cancer from these other diseases has driven researchers to search for an effective, non-invasive screening technique. Current state-of-the-art method of(More)
  • J A Covington, J W Gardner, A Hamilton, T C Pearce, S L Tan
  • IET nanobiotechnology
  • 2007
Today, the capability of the human olfactory system is still, in many ways, superior to that of the electronic nose. Although electronic noses are often compared with their biological counterpart, they neither mimic its neural architecture nor achieve its discriminating performance. Experimental studies on the mammalian olfactory system suggest that the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is the commonest cause of chronic liver disease in the western world. Current diagnostic methods including Fibroscan have limitations, thus there is a need for more robust non-invasive screening methods. The gut microbiome is altered in several gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders resulting in(More)
A 17-year-old boy presented with Fournier gangrene associated with previously undiagnosed Crohn ileocolitis. Fournier gangrene was managed by débridement, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and hyperbaric oxygen. A diverting ileostomy was performed before skin grafting and scrotal reconstruction. Microscopy of a full-layer surgical sample from the terminal ileum(More)
The ring-opening polymerisation of lactide by a range of amino-oxazoline and amino-thiazoline catalysts is reported. The more electron-rich derivatives are demonstrated to be the most highly active and polymerisation is well controlled, as evidenced by the linear relationship between the molecular weight and both the monomer conversion and the(More)
The current diagnostic challenge with diagnosing hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is identifying those with minimal HE as opposed to the more clinically apparent covert/overt HE. Rifaximin, is an effective therapy but earlier identification and treatment of HE could prevent liver disease progression and hospitalization. Our pilot study aimed to analyse breath(More)