James A. Campbell

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Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a commonly used diethylphosphorothionate organophosphorus (OP) insecticide. Diethylphosphate (DEP), diethylthiophosphate (DETP) and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPy) are products of metabolism and of environmental degradation of CPF and are routinely measured in urine as biomarkers of exposure. However, because these same chemicals(More)
The thalassemias are a group of inherited hematologic disorders caused by defects in the synthesis of one or more of the hemoglobin chains. Alpha thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent synthesis of alpha globin chains, and beta thalassemia is caused by reduced or absent synthesis of beta globin chains. Imbalances of globin chains cause hemolysis and(More)
Between August 20, 2001, and September 17, 2002, 1429 samples including drag swabs, egg belt or egg rollout swabs, fan-blade swabs, rodent organ and intestinal pools, beetle (Alphitobius diaperinus) pools, housefly (Musca domestica) pools, chicken organ and intestinal pools, and egg pools were obtained for Salmonella culture from two flocks from two(More)
The data for the in vivo genotoxicity of styrene (STY) are equivocal. To evaluate the clastogenicity and sister-chromatid exchange (SCE)-inducing potential of STY in vivo under carefully controlled conditions, B6C3F1 female mice were exposed by inhalation for 6 h/day for 14 consecutive days to either 0, 125, 250 or 500 ppm STY. One day after the final(More)
There is a need to develop approaches for assessing risk associated with acute exposures to a broad range of metals and chemical agents and to rapidly determine the potential implications to human health. Noninvasive biomonitoring approaches are being developed using reliable portable analytical systems to quantitate dosimetry utilizing readily obtainable(More)
The use of polymers in plastic and rubber products has generated concern that monomers potentially active in biological systems may be eluted from these substances. We have evaluated two such monomers, acrylonitrile and styrene, for the induction of chromosome damage in mice. Butadiene monoxide, a presumed metabolite of a third important monomer,(More)
A number of trace elements are required by man, but clear-cut evidence of deficiency has been observed for only iodine and iron. Despite the fact no evidence exists that human diets may be deficient in trace minerals other than iron and iodine, there is an increasing tendency to add more and more minerals to vitamin-mineral preparations. Since potassium(More)
A major cause of death in an ageing population are the diseases of the cardiovascular system. Calclrication of the human aortic wall begins at completion of body growth and increases progressively with age 11.21. Three patterns for the distribution of calcium across the aorta wall have been identified by chemical and by proton-induced X-ray emission(More)
The aggregation in suspension of freshly trypsinized cultured cells (BHK21) has been studied by microscopic and electronic counting techniques. Comparison of cells grown in suspension with cells grown on glass suggests that the aggregation may not be an artifact of tryptic action, but may reflect an adhesive property of the cell surface which survives the(More)
A heat stable, low molecular weight (<1000) extracellular product inTrametes versicolor (=Coriolus versicolor=Polyporous versicolor) cultures was demonstrated to be a principal factor in the solubilization of leonardite and other low-rank coals. The solubilization of leonardite byT. versicolor cell-free cultures and active fractions was inhibited by Fe3+(More)