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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The presence of T lymphocytes in human adipose tissue has only recently been demonstrated and relatively little is known of their potential relevance in the development of obesity-related diseases. We aimed to further characterise these cells and in particular to investigate how they interact with modestly increased levels of adiposity(More)
Cumulative conception and livebirth rates related to age and cause of infertility provide the most useful estimate of success after in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), but limited data are available. It is also uncertain whether the probability of pregnancy, livebirth, and pregnancy failure changes with repeated treatment cycles. To assess the effects of(More)
The perinatal outcome and congenital malformations in children born between 1978 and 1987 in Great Britain after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) at Bourn Hall Clinic and the Hallam Medical Centre are presented. The average maternal age was 34.2 years. Multiple births were frequent, constituting 23% of all deliveries; 19% were twins and 4% triplets. There were(More)
Honey is an ancient treatment that is increasingly earning its place in modern wound care. Evidence suggests it compares with other dressings in terms of its antibacterial properties, ease of use and ability to promote a moist environment infection; antibacterial; anti-inflammatory; skin grafts ince Molan last covered this topic in J o u r n a l o f W o u n(More)
Regular exercise may improve systemic markers of chronic inflammation, but direct evidence and dose-response information is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine the effect and time course of changes in markers of chronic inflammation in response to progressive exercise training (and subsequent detraining). Forty-one sedentary men 45-64 yr of(More)
BACKGROUND Multifaceted programs that combine assessment with interventions have been shown to reduce subsequent falls in some clinical trials. We tested this approach to see whether it would be effective if offered as a consultation service using existing health care resources. METHODS The subjects of this randomized controlled trial had to be aged 65(More)
This study was designed to compare the effects of energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) and carbohydrate-protein (CHO-PRO) supplements on cycling time-trial performance. Twelve competitive male cyclists and triathletes each completed 2 trials in a randomized and counterbalanced order that were separated by 5-10 d and applied in a double-blind manner.(More)
Including protein in a carbohydrate solution may accelerate both the rate of glycogen storage and the restoration of exercise capacity following prolonged activity. Two studies were undertaken with nine active men in study A and seven in study B. All participants performed 2 trials, each involving a 90 min run at 70% VO2max followed by a 4 h recovery.(More)
BACKGROUND Current guidance regarding the role of daily breakfast in human health is largely grounded in cross-sectional observations. However, the causal nature of these relationships has not been fully explored and what limited information is emerging from controlled laboratory-based experiments appears inconsistent with much existing data. Further(More)