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BACKGROUND Tripping over an obstacle is a common cause of falls in the elderly. An earlier study of abilities to avoid stepping on suddenly appearing obstacles found that, although healthy old adults had a lower rate-of-success than young adults, the magnitude of that difference was not large. The present study inquired whether dividing attention during(More)
Falls associated with tripping over an obstacle can be devastating to elderly individuals, yet little is known about the strategies used for stepping over obstacles by either old or young adults. The gait of gender-matched groups of 24 young and 24 old healthy adults (mean ages 22 and 71 years) was studied during a 4 m approach to and while stepping over(More)
Quantification of the biomechanical factors that underlie the inability to rise from a chair can help explain why this disability occurs and can aid in the design of chairs and of therapeutic intervention programs. Experimental data collected earlier from 17 young adult and two groups of elderly subjects, 23 healthy and 11 impaired, rising from a standard(More)
The initiation of a single compensatory step in response to balance perturbations has been predicted with accuracies of up to 71%. We sought to determine whether similar methods also could be used to predict the onset of additional compensatory steps in both healthy and balance-impaired older females. Anterior and posterior waist pulls of five different(More)
Previous studies have found substantial age and gender group differences in the ability of healthy adults to regain balance with a single step after a forward fall. It was hypothesized that differences in lower extremity joint strengths and ranges of motion (ROM) may have contributed to these observed differences. Kinematic and forceplate data were(More)
OBJECTIVES When large disturbances of upright stance occur, balance must usually be restored by taking a step. We undertook this study to examine the biomechanics of stepping responses to sudden backward pulls at the waist. Primarily, response differences between young and old healthy adults were sought. DESIGN A controlled laboratory study. SUBJECTS(More)
The anatomic structures in the female that prevent incontinence and genital organ prolapse on increases in abdominal pressure during daily activities include sphincteric and supportive systems. In the urethra, the action of the vesical neck and urethral sphincteric mechanisms maintains urethral closure pressure above bladder pressure. Decreases in the(More)
There is little question that ankle disc training can improve ankle muscle motor performance in a unipedal balance task, most likely through improved strength and coordination [62] and possibly endurance. How much of the observed improvement in motor performance is due to improved ankle proprioception remains unknown. We have reviewed a number of(More)
The current study was undertaken to determine if age-related differences in muscle activities might relate to older adults being significantly less able than young adults to recover balance during a forward fall. Fourteen young and twelve older healthy males were released from forward leans of various magnitudes and asked to regain standing balance by(More)
Reliable experimental models are needed to help improve our knowledge of how the central nervous system adapts to function in the presence of muscle pain in man. We developed a microprocessor-based control system for maintaining a constant level of experimental muscle pain. Pain was induced in the relaxed right masseter of healthy young adults by using an(More)