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OBJECTIVE The authors present a multidimensional meta-analysis of studies published between 1980 and 2003 on psychotherapy for PTSD. METHOD Data on variables not previously meta-analyzed such as inclusion and exclusion criteria and rates, recovery and improvement rates, and follow-up data were examined. RESULTS Results suggest that psychotherapy for(More)
Issues relating to the design of scales and their psychometric properties are discussed in the context of constructing a standard measure of core climacteric symptoms. Seven factor analytic studies of climacteric symptoms are examined to determine whether or not there is sufficient consensus across studies to permit agreement on the symptom content and the(More)
In recent years increasing interest has centered on the elderly psychogeriatric patient living in the community and the part played by relatives in supporting these patients. There is a need, however, for ways of assessing the behavioural disturbance shown by such patients at home and the effect this behaviour has on relatives. Ratings by relatives of the(More)
Psychological and somatic symptoms presented by women in middle life are frequently attributed to the menopause. Many writers have questioned this assumption and have placed more emphasis on environmental and personality factors. Using a life event model and a multivariate analysis technique, life stress was shown to have a significantly more powerful(More)
A psychological assessment and treatment programme designed for a group of climacteric women with severe and varied psychological complaints and symptoms is described and evaluated. All the women were currently experiencing stressful psychosocial difficulties within their life situation. The treatment programme comprised an educational, a counseling and a(More)
The relationship between life events and symptoms was examined in a general population sample of Scottish climacteric women within the framework of the concepts and methods developed in the field of life event research. It was found that at least some of the increase in symptoms at that time of life was due to the occurrence of stressful life events. This(More)
The behavior of 4 groups of infants--healthy term, healthy preterm, sick preterm, and sick full-term--was assessed in the neonatal period using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS). At 3 months postterm, infants and their mothers were observed and videotaped in a free-play session. Both the NBAS and mother-infant interaction data were analyzed to(More)