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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with dysregulation of both lipid and glucose metabolism. As well as contributing to viral replication, these perturbations influence the pathogenesis associated with the virus, including steatosis, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a key role in regulation of(More)
Oxidative stress induces neuronal apoptosis and is implicated in cerebral ischemia, head trauma, and age-related neurodegenerative diseases. An early step in this process is the loss of intracellular K(+) via K(+) channels, and evidence indicates that K(v)2.1 is of particular importance in this regard, being rapidly inserted into the plasma membrane in(More)
UNLABELLED The release of infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles from infected cells remains poorly characterized. We previously demonstrated that virus release is dependent on the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT). Here, we show a critical role of trans-Golgi network (TGN)-endosome trafficking during the assembly, but(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels play a key role in the regulation of insulin secretion by coupling glucose metabolism to the electrical activity of pancreatic beta-cells. To generate an electric signal of suitable magnitude, the plasma membrane of the beta-cell must contain an appropriate number of channels. An inadequate number of channels can lead(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasingly associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCV is not thought to be directly oncogenic but, by modulating a range of cellular functions, may predispose patients to the development of liver tumours. However, the molecular mechanisms by which HCV infection might contribute to HCC remain(More)
The innate immune response provides a critical defense against microbial infections, including viruses. These are recognised by pattern recognition receptors including Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and RIG-I like helicases (RLHs). Detection of virus triggers signalling cascades that induce transcription of type I interferons including IFNbeta, which are(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) frequently establishes a persistent infection, leading to chronic liver disease. The NS5A protein has been implicated in this process as it modulates a variety of intracellular signalling pathways that control cell survival and proliferation. In particular, NS5A associates with several proteins involved in the endocytosis of the(More)
An estimated 3% of the global population are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and the majority of these individuals will develop chronic liver disease. As with other chronic viruses, establishment of persistent infection requires that HCV-infected cells must be refractory to a range of pro-apoptotic stimuli. In response to oxidative stress,(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection results in the activation of numerous stress responses including oxidative stress, with the potential to induce an apoptotic state. Previously we have shown that HCV attenuates the stress-induced, p38MAPK-mediated up-regulation of the K(+) channel Kv2.1, to maintain the survival of infected cells in the face of cellular(More)
Adenosine 5' monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is conserved in all eukaryotic cells and functions as the key regulator of cellular metabolism by responding to the energy status of the cell. It is activated by an increase in the AMP : ATP ratio and then attempts to redress the balance by upregulating catabolic processes, whilst concomitantly(More)