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Faithful segregation of replicated chromosomes is essential for maintenance of genetic stability and seems to be monitored by several mitotic checkpoints. Various components of these checkpoints have been identified in mammals, but their physiological relevance is largely unknown. Here we show that mutant mice with low levels of the spindle assembly(More)
Increases in energy, lipid and carbohydrate intakes during the luteal phase have been previously observed. However, it is not known whether this is due to phase-dependent variations in the reward value of certain foods. Moreover, increases in olfactory sensitivity have been proposed and may be involved in these changes in food reward. Therefore, we examined(More)
Changes in smell function can modify feeding behaviour but there is little evidence of how acute negative energy balance may impact olfaction and palatability. In a within-subjects repeated measures design, 15 subjects (nine male; six female) aged 28.6±4.5 years with initial body weight (BW) 74.7±4.9 kg and body mass index (BMI) 25.3±1.4 kg/m(2) were(More)
Evidence suggests that when animals are chronically deprived of calories, the reward of a food stimulus becomes more salient. Recently leptin has been implicated in food reward. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of weight-loss on food hedonics and on the reinforcing value of palatable snack food, and to determine whether plasma leptin(More)
There have been reports of an inverse relationship between meal frequency (MF) and adiposity. It has been postulated that this may be explained by favourable effects of increased MF on appetite control and possibly on gut peptides as well. The main goal of the present study was to investigate whether using a high MF could lead to a greater weight loss than(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of IV chlorpromazine with that of IV metoclopramide in the treatment for acute migraine headache in the ED. METHODS A prospective randomized double-blind trial was undertaken at two university-affiliated urban EDs with a combined annual census of more than 85,000 patients. Included in the study were patients presenting to(More)
Obese adolescents spend a disproportionate time in screen-based activities and are at higher risk for clinical depression compared to their normal-weight peers. While screen time is associated with obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors, little is known about the relationship between screen time and mental health. This cross-sectional study examines the(More)
INTRODUCTION We examined the impact of a 24 hour complete fast (vs. fed state) on two measures of food reward: 1) 'wanting', as measured by response to food images and by the relative-reinforcing value of food (RRV), and 2) 'liking', as measured by response to food images and the hedonic evaluation of foods consumed. METHODS Utilizing a randomized(More)
Traditionally there has been a tendency to focus on peripheral "bottom-up" feeding-related signals and their resulting downstream actions on hypothalamic centers when studying the feeding behaviour of animals. A problem with this hierarchal approach emerges especially with respect to acquiring a human model attempting to explain what is ultimately a(More)
The feasibility of providing postoperative analgesia using thoracic extradural blockade following thoracotomy has been assessed. Extradural block was produced by intermittent injections of 0.5% bupivacaine with adrenaline 1:200,000 or a continuous infusion of 0.25% or 0.125% bupivacaine. The only toxic symptom was drowsiness which was most frequent after a(More)