Jame S W Kerr

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Reboxetine is a novel antidepressant that has been shown to be effective in the treatment of major depressive disorders. The present experiment was designed to assess whether it affects the cognitive and psychomotor skills necessary for optimum function in everyday life. Ten healthy male volunteers received reboxetine 0.5 mg, 1 mg or 4 mg, amitriptyline 25(More)
The effects of four doses of alcohol (0.25 g/kg-1 g/kg) and placebo on a standard test battery of cognitive and psychomotor performance are described. The tests included critical flicker fusion threshold, choice reaction time, tracking and memory scanning. The results of this experiment are compared with those of a number of similar studies which examined(More)
The adhesive interactions of endothelial cells with each other and the adhesion receptors that mediate these interactions are probably of fundamental importance to the process of angiogenesis. We therefore studied the effect of inhibiting the function of the endothelial cell-cell adhesion molecule, PECAM-1/ CD31, in rat and murine models of angiogenesis. A(More)
DuP 697 (5-bromo-2[4-fluorophenyl]-3-[4-methylsulfonylphenyl]-thiophene) is a potent inhibitor of paw swelling in nonestablished and established adjuvant arthritis in rats (ED50 = 0.03 and 0.18 mg/kg/day, respectively). DuP 697 had no effect on phenylquinone writhing in rats (ED50 greater than 100 mg/kg), but was analgetic against inflammation-related pain(More)
Intraperitoneal injection of zymosan into mice induces a peritonitis characterized by cellular influx, plasma leakage and the appearance of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites. We report that zymosan injection also stimulates the accumulation of AA, docosahexaenoic acid, linoleic acid, and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity. The amount of the unsaturated fatty(More)
The hollow fiber assay, a unique in vivo model, permits the simultaneous evaluation of compound efficacy against multiple cell lines in two physiological compartments. This assay has been used to characterize in vivo activity of cytotoxic compounds. The purpose of the present study was to characterize and optimize this assay for compounds with a defined(More)
The phenylurea compound EDU (N-[2-(2-oxo-1-imidazolindinyl)ethyl]-N'-phenylurea) has been shown to protect plants from the damaging effects of ozone exposure. Models of rat lung injury, based on acute exposure to 2 ppm ozone for 3 hr and on exposure to 0.85 ppm ozone for 2 days, were used to determine whether EDU pretreatment of rats protected lungs from(More)
A series of 2'-substituted chalcone derivatives has been found to show potent inhibition of the production of IL-1 beta from human peripheral blood monocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), with IC50 values in the 0.2-5.0-microM range. Some members of the series have also shown inhibition of septic shock induced in mice by injection of LPS,(More)
Oxygen free radicals have the potential to mediate cell injury. Defenses against such radicals include the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX). The purposes of this study were (1) to develop an in vitro model using human cells in which to investigate a potential pharmacologic agent as an(More)
The behavioural toxicity of five anxiolytic benzodiazepines was examined in 28 volunteers who were studied in two groups of 14 subjects each. Each drug was taken nocte for 7 days, with a 4-week washout period between drugs. Assessments of psychomotor performance and sleep were made the morning following the first administration and the morning following the(More)