Learn More
The objective of this work was to investigate feasibility of transdermal and dermal delivery of adefovir (9-(2-phosphonomethoxyethyl)adenine), a broad-spectrum antiviral from the class of acyclic nucleoside phosphonates. Transport of 2% adefovir through and into porcine skin and effects of various solvents, pH, and permeation enhancers were studied in vitro(More)
Dodecyl-6-aminohexanoate (DDEAC) is a transdermal permeation enhancer with excellent activity, low toxicity, and no dermal irritation. We hypothesized that DDEAC reacts with air CO2 to form a two-chain ammonium carbamate—Transkarbam 12 (T12)—which is responsible for the enhancing effect. DDEAC and T12 were synthesized, their structures were confirmed by(More)
Series of N,N-dimethylamino acid esters was synthesized to study their transdermal permeation-enhancing potency, biodegradability and reversibility of action. Effects of chirality, linking chain length and polyfluorination were investigated. In vitro activities were evaluated using porcine skin and four model drugs—theophylline, hydrocortisone, adefovir and(More)
Adefovir (9-(2-phosphonomethoxyethyl)adenine) is an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate currently used for the treatment of hepatitis B. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of permeation enhancer DDAK (6-dimethylaminohexanoic acid dodecyl ester) on the transdermal and topical delivery of adefovir. In porcine skin, DDAK enhanced adefovir flux 42(More)
A simple HPLC/UV method for the determination of the transdermal permeation and dermal penetration of a broad-spectrum antiviral drug adefovir (PMEA) was developed. The separation was achieved on a C18 column with the mobile phase composed of 10 mM KH2PO4 and 2 mM Bu4NHSO4 at pH 6.0 and 7% acetonitrile. The method was validated with respect to selectivity,(More)
Transkarbam 12, an ammonium carbamate formed by the reaction of dodecyl 6-aminohexanoate with carbon dioxide, is a highly active, broad-spectrum, nontoxic, and nonirritant transdermal permeation enhancer. It probably acts by a dual mechanism: a part of its activity is associated with the carbamic acid salt and/or its decomposition in the acidic stratum(More)
Transkarbams (T) represent novel group of highly active, non-toxic transdermal permeation enhancers. This study was focused on the influence of small symmetrical terminal branching on their enhancing activity. Series of T with terminal methyl or ethyl branching was prepared and their permeation-enhancing activity was compared to that of their linear(More)
Topical skin lipid supplementation may provide opportunities for controlling ceramide (Cer) deficiency in skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. Here we describe the synthesis of a long-chain 7-nitrobenzo[c][1,2,5]oxadiazol-4-yl (NBD)-labeled Cer and its different penetration through human skin compared to widely used short-chain fluorescent(More)
This paper investigates the use and the prediction potential of semantic similarity measures for automatic generation of links across different documents and passages. First, the correlation between the way people link content and the results produced by standard semantic similarity measures is investigated. The relation between semantic similarity and the(More)
A series of transdermal permeation enhancers based on dicarboxylic acid esters was studied. Single-chain amphiphiles were markedly more effective than the double-chain ones. Monododecyl maleate, that is a cis derivative, was a more potent enhancer than its trans isomer, while the activity of succinates strongly depended on the donor vehicle. No difference(More)