Jakub Kostal

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Industrial ecology has revolutionized our understanding of material stocks and flows in our economy and society. For this important discipline to have even deeper impact, we must understand the inherent nature of these materials in terms of human health and the environment. This paper focuses on methods to design synthetic chemicals to reduce their(More)
Sustainable molecular design of less hazardous chemicals presents a potentially transformative approach to protect public health and the environment. Relationships between molecular descriptors and toxicity thresholds previously identified the octanol-water distribution coefficient, log D, and the HOMO-LUMO energy gap, ΔE, as two useful properties in the(More)
The mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of strong alkylating agents, such as epoxides, have been attributed to their ability to covalently bind DNA in vivo. Most olefins are readily oxidized to reactive epoxides by CytP450. In an effort to develop predictive models for olefin and epoxide mutagenicity, the ring openings of 15 halogen-, alkyl-, alkenyl-, and(More)
Hybrid quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) computer simulations have become an indispensable tool for studying chemical and biological phenomena for systems too large to treat with QM alone. For several decades, semiempirical QM methods have been used in QM/MM simulations. However, with increased computational resources, the introduction of ab(More)
Abstract Herein we provide an overview of a research collaborative aimed at fostering interdisciplinary collaboration between chemists and toxicologists with the aim of rationally designing safer commercial chemicals. The collaborative, Molecular Design Research Network (MoDRN), was created in 2013 with funding from the EPA-NSF Networks for Sustainable(More)
The Thorpe-Ingold hypothesis for the gem-dimethyl effect in the cyclization reactions of 2-chloroethoxide derivatives has been investigated computationally in the gas phase and in aqueous solution. Ab initio MP2/6-311+G(d,p) and CBS-Q calculations reveal little intrinsic difference in reactivity with increasing alpha-methylation for the series of reactants(More)
Alternatives analysis (AA) is a method used in regulation and product design to identify, assess, and evaluate the safety and viability of potential substitutes for hazardous chemicals. It requires toxicological data for the existing chemical and potential alternatives. Predictive toxicology uses in silico and in vitro approaches, computational models, and(More)
Using computer models to accurately predict toxicity outcomes is considered to be a major challenge. However, state-of-the-art computational chemistry techniques can now be incorporated in predictive models, supported by advances in mechanistic toxicology and the exponential growth of computing resources witnessed over the past decade. The CADRE(More)