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The paper discusses circumstances under which locative prepositional phrases (PPs) can act as a constituting part of a directed motion event. It will be shown that there is a division of labour among different elements in a sentence to express the Path of a directed motion event and this labour can be distributed in various ways not only among different(More)
In three eye-tracking experiments the influence of the Dutch causal connective "want" (because) and the working memory capacity of readers on the usage of verb-based implicit causality was examined. Experiments 1 and 2 showed that although a causal connective is not required to activate implicit causality information during reading, effects of implicit(More)
Strategies used by people to verify quantified sentences, like 'Most cars are white', have been a popular research topic on the intersection of linguistics, computer science, philosophy, and psychology. A prominent computational model of the task, semantic automata, has been introduced by van Benthem in 1983. In this paper we present a probabilistic(More)
We present the results of two experiments, an eye-tracking study and a follow-up self-paced reading study, investigating the interpretation of quantifier scope in sentences with three quantifiers: two indefinites in subject and object positions and a universal distributive quantifier in adjunct position. In addition to the fact that such three-way scope(More)
Adjectives of comparison (AOCs) like same, different and similar can compare two elements sentence-internally, i.e., without referring to any previously introduced element. This reading is licensed only if a semantically plural NP is present. We argue in this paper that it is incorrect to describe a particular NP as either licensing or not licensing the(More)
1. The main question: The nature of real-time semantic interpretation. The main question we will address in this talk is whether meaning representations of the kind that are pervasive in formal semantics are built up incrementally and predictively when language is used in real time, in much the same way that the real-time construction of syntactic(More)
1 Adjectives of comparison (AOCs) and their readings Languages have lexical means to compare two elements and express identity, difference or similarity between them. English uses adjectives of comparison (AOCs) like same, different and similar for this purpose. AOCs can have two readings: • sentence external readings: compare an element in the current(More)
This paper investigates how sentence-internal same is processed with three of its licensors (each, all and the) and two orders: licensor+same, i.e., surface scope and same+licensor, i.e., inverse scope. Our study shows that (i) there is no effect of surface vs inverse scope, which we take as an argument for a model-oriented view of the processing cost of(More)
We frame the general problem of 'rationally' (in the sense of Anderson et al's ACT-R framework) integrating semantic theories and processing, and indicate how this integrated theory could be explicitly formalized; an explicit formalization enables us to empirically evaluate semantic and processing theories both qualitatively and quantitatively. We then(More)
In virtually every semantic account of reciprocity it is assumed that reciprocal sentences are distributive. However, it turns out that the distributivity must be of very local nature since it shows no effect on the predicate or other arguments in reciprocal sentences. I present a semantic analysis of reciprocals that treats reciprocal sentences as(More)
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