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The interaction among concurrently executing threads of a program results in insidious programming errors that are difficult to reproduce and fix. Unfortunately, the problem of verifying a concurrent boolean program is undecidable [24]. In this paper, we prove that the problem is decidable, even in the presence of unbounded parallelism, if the analysis is… (More)

We present a novel refinement relation (stuck-free conformance) for CCS processes, which satisfies the substitutability property: If I conforms to S, and P is any environment such that P | S is stuck-free, then P | I is stuck-free. Stuck-freedom is related to the CSP notion of deadlock, but it is more discriminative by taking orphan messages in asynchronous… (More)

This paper shows that a type graph (obtained via polymorphic typeinference) harbors explicit directional flow paths between functions. These flow paths arise from the instantiations of polymorphic types and correspond to call-return sequences in first-order programs. We show that flow information can be computed efficiently while considering only paths with… (More)

The ability to summarize procedures is fundamental to building scalable interprocedural analyses. For sequential programs, procedure summarization is well-understood and used routinely in a variety of compiler optimizations and software defect-detection tools. However, the benefit of summarization is not available to multithreaded programs, for which a… (More)

Java source code is strongly typed, but the translation from Java source to bytecode omits much of the type information originally contained within methods. Type elaboration is a technique for reconstructing strongly typed programs from incompletely typed bytecode by inferring types for local variables. There are situations where, technically, there are not… (More)

Abstraction and composition are the fundamental issues in making model checking viable for software. This paper proposes new techniques for automating abstraction and decomposition using source level type information provided by the programmer. Our system includes two novel components to achieve this end: (1) a behavioral type-and-effect system for the… (More)

We introduce the notion of definite inequality constraints involving monotone functions in a finite meet-semJlattice, generalizing the logical notion of Horn-clauses, and we give a linear time algorithm for deciding satisfiability. We characterize the expressiveness of the framework of definite constraints and show that the algorithm uniformly solves… (More)

This paper addresses the following question: Do scalable control-flow-insensitive pointer analyses provide the level of precision required to make them useful in compiler optimizations? We first describe alias frequency, a metric that measures the ability of a pointer analysis to determine that pairs of memory accesses in C programs cannot be aliases. We… (More)