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PURPOSE To investigate intersite variability of clinical functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, including influence of task standardization on variability and use of various parameters to inform the clinician whether the reliability of a given functional localization is high or low. MATERIALS AND METHODS Local ethics committees approved the study;(More)
Recent evidence has indicated that standard postprocessing methods such as template-based region of interest (ROI) definition and normalization of individual brains to a standard template may influence final outcome of functional magnetic resonance imaging investigations. Here, we provide the first comprehensive investigation into whether ROI definition and(More)
Despite there being an increasing number of installations of ultra high field MR systems (>3T) in clinical environments, no functional patient investigations have yet examined possible benefits for functional diagnostics. Here we performed presurgical localization of the primary motor hand area on 3T and 7T Siemens scanners with identical investigational(More)
In functional MRI it is desirable for the blood-oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal to be localized to the tissue containing activated neurons rather than the veins draining that tissue. This study addresses the dependence of the specificity of the BOLD signal - the relative contribution of the BOLD signal arising from tissue compared to venous(More)
INTRODUCTION The patho-physiological basis for finger dexterity deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD) is controversial. Previously, bradykinesia was regarded as the major mechanism. However, recent research suggested limb-kinetic apraxia as an important component of impaired fine motor skills in PD. In contrast to bradykinesia, limb-kinetic apraxia only(More)
PURPOSE To create a population-specific symmetric phase model and to evaluate the susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) phase in terms of phase shift using different segmentation methods (manual and automatic) and phase shift symmetry, which is expected as a marker for lateralized Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS SWI and(More)
Impairment of hand dexterity in Parkinson's disease (PD) is usually attributed to bradykinesia. Recently, behavioral studies illustrated that decreased dexterity might also be due to limb-kinetic apraxia (LkA), as demonstrated by impaired performance in a coin rotation task. Here, we provide a first investigation on whether functional magnetic resonance(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the epidemiology of ALS in Austria and to evaluate the long-term effect of riluzole treatment on survival. METHODS Hospital discharge and riluzole prescription databases were used to identify ALS cases from January 2008 to June 2012. Using the capture-recapture method we evaluated the incidence and prevalence of ALS and patients'(More)
The automated laboratory systems described in this paper were developed for use at the National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) and each of five collaborating laboratories. These laboratories participated in a study designed to evaluate the intra- and interlaboratory reliability and sensitivity of several behavioral test methods used in(More)