Jakob Nilsson

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The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is required to block sister chromatid separation until all chromosomes are properly attached to the mitotic apparatus. The SAC prevents cells from entering anaphase by inhibiting the ubiquitylation of cyclin B1 and securin by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) ubiquitin ligase. The target of the SAC is the(More)
RACK1 serves as a scaffold protein for a wide range of kinases and membrane-bound receptors. It is a WD-repeat family protein and is predicted to have a beta-propeller architecture with seven blades like a Gbeta protein. Mass spectrometry studies have identified its association with the small subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes and, most recently, it has been(More)
BubR1 is a central component of the spindle assembly checkpoint that inhibits progression into anaphase in response to improper kinetochore-microtubule interactions. In addition, BubR1 also helps stabilize kinetochore-microtubule interactions by counteracting the Aurora B kinase but the mechanism behind this is not clear. Here we show that BubR1 directly(More)
Nuclear export of intron-containing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA is mediated by the viral Rev protein that contains both an RNA binding domain specific for the viral Rev response element (RRE) and a nuclear export signal (NES). The cellular CRM1 (Exportin1) protein functions as a nuclear export receptor for proteins carrying a Rev-like(More)
Nonproteolytic ubiquitylation of chromatin surrounding deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double-strand breaks (DSBs) by the RNF8/RNF168/HERC2 ubiquitin ligases facilitates restoration of genome integrity by licensing chromatin to concentrate genome caretaker proteins near the lesions. In parallel, SUMOylation of so-far elusive upstream DSB regulators is also(More)
RNA editing of specific residues by adenosine deamination is a nuclear process catalyzed by adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADAR). Different promoters in the ADAR1 gene give rise to two forms of the protein: a constitutive promoter expresses a transcript encoding (c)ADAR1, and an interferon-induced promoter expresses a transcript encoding an(More)
The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) ensures proper chromosome segregation by delaying anaphase onset in response to unattached kinetochores. Checkpoint signalling requires the kinetochore localization of the Mad1-Mad2 complex that in more complex eukaryotes depends on the Rod-Zwilch-ZW10 (RZZ) complex. The kinetochore protein Zwint has been proposed to be(More)
The ribosome is a complex macromolecular assembly capable of translating mRNA sequence into amino acid sequence. The adaptor molecule of translation is tRNA, but the delivery of aminoacyl-tRNAs--the primary substrate of the ribosome--relies on the formation of a ternary complex with elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and GTP. Likewise, elongation factor G (EF-G)(More)
On the basis of kinetic data on ribosome protein synthesis, the mechanical energy for translocation of the mRNA-tRNA complex is thought to be provided by GTP hydrolysis of an elongation factor (eEF2 in eukaryotes, EF-G in bacteria). We have obtained cryo-EM reconstructions of eukaryotic ribosomes complexed with ADP-ribosylated eEF2 (ADPR-eEF2), before and(More)
The maintenance of genomic stability relies on the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), which ensures accurate chromosome segregation by delaying the onset of anaphase until all chromosomes are properly bioriented and attached to the mitotic spindle. BUB1 and BUBR1 kinases are central for this process and by interacting with Blinkin, link the SAC with the(More)