Learn More
NeuN (neuronal nuclei) is an antigen used widely in research and diagnostics to identify postmitotic neurons. The present study aims at an initial understanding of the molecular nature and functional significance of this as yet ill-defined antigen. Using isoelectric focusing, both the 46- and 48-kDa isoforms of NeuN can be separated in multiple spots(More)
Physiological cell death is crucial for matching defined cellular populations within the central nervous system. Whereas the time course of developmental cell death in the central nervous system is well analyzed, information about its precise spatial patterning is scarce. Yet, the latter one is needed to appraise its contribution to circuit formation and(More)
The transcription factor Engrailed-2 is expressed in cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) throughout embryonic development but is downregulated in PCs after birth. Since the onset of PC differentiation coincides with this change of gene expression, we asked whether downregulation of Engrailed-2 is necessary for proper timing of PC differentiation. To investigate(More)
Hyaluronan is a free glycosaminoglycan which is abundant in the extracellular matrix of the developing brain. Although not covalently linked to any protein it can act as a backbone molecule forming aggregates with chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans of the lectican family and link proteins. Using neurocan-GFP as a direct histochemical probe we analyzed the(More)
Tetraspanin-5 (Tspan-5) mRNA was recently shown to be strongly expressed within the central nervous system. In order to address Tspan-5 function during nervous system development, we performed a detailed expression analysis in the postnatal FVB/N mouse cerebellum using in situ hybridizations. Tspan-5 mRNA was expressed within cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs)(More)
OBJECTIVE Preterm birth at <32 weeks' gestational age has a specific predilection for periventricular white matter injury. Early prediction of concomitant motor sequelae is a fundamental clinical issue. Recently, functional MRI was introduced as a noninvasive method for investigating the functional integrity of the neonatal brain. We aimed at implementing a(More)
Endurance exercise is known to promote sustained antinociceptive effects, and there is evidence that the reduction of pain perception mediated by exercise is driven by central opioidergic neurotransmission. To directly investigate the involved brain areas and the underlying neural mechanisms in humans, thermal heat-pain challenges were applied to 20(More)
Electrophysiological and behavioral studies in primary dystonia suggest abnormalities during movement preparation, but this crucial phase preceding movement onset has not yet been studied specifically with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To identify abnormalities in brain activation during movement preparation, we used event-related fMRI to(More)
Engrailed transcription factors regulate survival, cell fate decisions and axon pathfinding in central neurons. En-2 can also attenuate Purkinje cell (PC) maturation. Here, we use array analysis to scrutinize gene expression in developing PCs overexpressing Engrailed-2 (L7En-2). The majority (70%) of regulated genes was found down-regulated in L7En-2(More)
Programmed cell death is essential for the homeostasis of tissues and organs. During the development of the central nervous system, programmed cell death is highly regulated and restricted to distinct developmental time points of histogenesis. In this review, we will summarize recent data on the temporal and spatial distribution of programmed Purkinje cell(More)